The former residence of Song Qingling lies on the northern shore of Houhai in the Shisha Lake area, one of Beijing's most beautiful scenic spots. The lake ripples in front of the residence, appearing to stretch endlessly away into the horizon. A breeze off the lake blows among the willow trees on the bank, whispering songs from the past. The memorial area of the residence is dotted with towers, terraces and pavilions. Spending a quiet afternoon among the meandering lanes and verandas, surrounded by the lake scene, the charming, rocky buttresses, the green, shady trees and the many fragrant flowers will certainly put your mind at ease.
The courtyard is uniquely calm and elegant. The house, with a total area of more than 20-thousand square meters, has a living area of about 5-thousand square meters. The residence was formerly the mansion garden of Prince Zaifeng, the father of Aixinjueluo-Fuyi, the last emperor of China. At that time, the garden was known as the Western Garden (西花园).
Many houses in Beijing were bestowed by the emperors to their eunuchs, such as in Silijian Hutong, Zhonggusi Hutong, Ciqiku Hutong, Zhiranju Hutong, Jiucuju Hutong, Xixin Hutong, Laku Hutong, Gongjian Hutong, etc.
Among them, numerous houses from inner to outer Beijing, covering an area of three-fourths of the city, were inhabited by Li Lianying, the imperial head eunuch.
The house at No. 19 Ertiao Neikong Menkou, Fuchengmen, Xicheng district was bought in December 1923 and was designed and renovated in the spring of 1924 by Mr. Lu Xun. From May 1924 to August 1926, Mr. Lu dwelled here before moving to Shanghai. When he returned from Shanghai to visit his mother, in May 1926 and November 1932, he lived here as well. This house was the last residence of Lu Xun in Beijing.
The former residence of Lao She is located at No. 19 Fengfu Hutong, Dengshikou, Dongcheng district. Lao She lived in 10 residences totally before and after the liberation of Beijing, including nine residences before the liberation and one after. The house at No. 10 Fengsheng Hutong, Naizi Mansion (today known as No. 19 Fengsheng Hutong, West Street in Dengshikou) was his residence from the liberation of Beijing until his death. The period of time that he spent at this residence was the most glorious of his life.
The famous last residence of Guo Moruo was the private garden of He Shen, the celebrated cabinet minister from the Emperor Qianlong period during the Qing Dynasty. The property fell into disuse after being ransacked by the Emperor Jiaqing, and during the Republic of China period, the progeny of Prince Gong sold it to Darentang, a Chinese medicine shop owned by the Le Family, who used it as a mansion. In 1963, Guo Moruo moved in and spent the last 15 years of his life here.
With an area of 716 square meters, the memorial house of Mei Lanfang, a famous Peiking Opera entertainer, is located at No. 9 Huguosi Street, Xicheng district. Mei Lanfang spent the last 10 years of his life in this quiet and comfortable courtyard house until he died in 1961. The house was opened to the public in October 1986. A horizontal inscribed board hangs on the red-lacquered gate of the house, with Chinese characters written by Deng Xiaoping denoting the residence as the memorial house of Mei Lanfang.