The Cham in Tshurpu Monastery is held annually during the fourth month of the Tibetan lunar calendar. It commemorates the famous Indian monk Padmasambhava, who traveled to Tibet and neighboring countries in the 8th century to spread the teachings of Buddhism.
On the tenth day of the fourth month, Tibetan people travel to Tshurpu Monastery to watch the Lamas engage in a masked dance known as a Cham. The Lamas perform the Cham in celebration of Padmasambhava, who some regard as an emanation of the second Buddha.
The Lamas perform several traditional dances, including the dance of the eight manifestations of Padmasambhava, based on the eight forms he is said to have taken during his life. Each form represents a different aspect of his being, such as wrath or pacification.