Terracotta Warriors in Weishan

The Terracotta Warriors of Weishan were discovered at the halfway point to Weishan Hill, 43.5 kilometers away from Jinan City, the capital of east China's Shandong Province. It was the first terracotta warriors pit to be found in Shandong. It's the third-largest terracotta warriors pit in China after the Terracotta Army Museum in Xi'an and the Yangjiawan Terracotta Warriors in Xianyang, Shanxi Province.   


The Terracotta Warriors pit in Weishan was a Han Dynasty burial pit. The pit is 9.7 meters in length, 1.9 meters in width and about 70 centimeters in depth. Over 100 colored terracotta warriors were unearthed in this pit. According to the Han Dynasty aristocrat burial system, the terracotta warriors were arranged in an orderly manner with the cavalry in the front, chariots in the middle, and foot soldiers in the rear. The cavalry was composed of 30 soldiers with five in each row. The terracotta warriors on horses have an imposing appearance and are as vivid as real people. The clay horses are painted with clear contours, standing with their guardians. The ears and tail of each horse don't connect with the horse's body, but stick into the horse's head and crupper respectively; its ears and tail can move freely. Three chariots are in the middle.

There are two pits. The first is about 9.7 meters long, 1.9 meters wide and 0.7-0.9 meters deep. The terracotta horses in this pit are arranged in a southern to northern direction. Overall, it reflects the arrangement pattern of ancient aristocrats going out. More than 400 funeral objects are laid there. Due to the broken roof, the terracotta horses, carriages and warriors are severely damaged. Besides, there are over 170 terracotta warriors, about 50 horses, four carriages and thousands of shields. Many ancient instruments have been found too, such as ancient drums. The second pit is boarding pit one in the west. In the second pit, people have unearthed one carriage, two horses and seven terracotta warriors as well as five terracotta maids.

The Terracotta Warriors in Weishan are a very good alternative to the globally-known Terracotta Army in Xi'an if you are unable to make a trip to Xi'an.   

Travel essentials

  • Transportation: take bus K301 and get off at Shengjing Stop. Then you need to walk approximately 1.1 kilometers
  • Opening times: 8:00am-5:00pm

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Hi, I'm Annie Wu
I updated this article on September 27, 2013
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