Built in October 1979, Jiuquan Museum is a comprehensive museum with the preservation and collection of cultural relics and scientific education combined as one. Over 6,000 pieces of cultural relics, ranging from the Neolithic Age to the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-9 AD) tothe Wei（220-265）, Jin (265-420), Southern and Northern dynasties（420-589）, to the Sui (581-618) and Tang (618-907) dynasties to the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) are exhibited, fully showing the economic, political, historical, religious and cultural statuses of Suzhou (ancient Jiuquan) in ancient times.
The main buildings of Jiuquan Museum are decorated in the style of the Wei and the Jin dynasties. Along the central axis of the museum four pillars are lined that are carved with dragon patterns and the statues of 12 symbolic animals associated with the 12 year cycle, all of which are shaped uniquely and spectacularly.
Jiuquan Museum occupies an area of 11,000 square meters (118,403 square feet), including an exhibit area of 5,400 square meters (58,125 square feet), a warehouse area of 900 square meters(9,688 square feet) and an office area of 900 squaremeters (9,688 square feet). Among over 6,000 pieces of cultural relics in the museum, 40 are of Grade One status, 132 are of Grade Two status and 262 are of Grade Three status, including potteries, stone wares, bronze wares, gold wares, silver wares, silk, sutras, stone carvings, calligraphic and painting works, brick carvings and brick paintings.
Jiuquan Museum consists of four exhibition areas: the Cultural Relics Exhibition along Jiuquan Silk Road, the History and Culture Exhibition of Jiuquan, the Human Being and Topography Exhibition of Jiuquanand the Ancient Agricultural Development Exhibition of Jiuquan.The Cultural Relics Exhibition along Jiuquan Silk Road fully displays the great events and folk customs along Silk Road, including the Opening of Silk Road, Zhang Qian's Mission to the Western Regions, the Clash of Eastern and Western Civilization in the 5th Century BC, the Trading War along Silk Road, the Agriculture and Hunting along Silk Road, the Music and Dancing of the Western Regions, the Influence of Roman Art on the Oriental, and the Infusion of the Western and the Oriental Culture.