The city is in a region that is surrounded by mountains that made access difficult until recent decades. This preserved some of the traditional culture of the area. Nearby Huangshan Mountain has long been an attraction for travellers for hundreds of years.
333 Chu built Jingling Yi.
229 Sun Quan established his capital here during the Three Kingdoms era following the Han Empire era.
1368 The Ming Empire established their new capital.
1853 The Taiping army captured Nanjing, and it was their capital city during their rule.
1927 The Nationalist government made it their capital city.
1937 The Japanese army captured the city, and a large percentage of the population died.
Significance of the city: Nanjing is one of China's main business, industrial and education centers. Throughout history, it has often been an imperial capital city or one of the biggest cities in the world.