Nepal, home to Mount Everest, is reputed as the world's most imposing country. It is a landlocked country in South Asia. 80 percent of its territory is occupied by the dramatic peaks of the Himalayas. Nepal was opened to foreign visitors in 1951, a situation which contributed greatly to its mystique in the west. As a small country, Nepal has charming landscapes, ranging from the humid Terai plains in the south to the mountainous Himalayas in the north, which makes it a major tourist destination for travelers.
Nepal is bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east and west and the Himalayan mountain range runs across northwest part of Nepal, including Mount Everest.
Nepal is now a federal democratic republic. Its recent history has involved struggles for democratic government with periods of direct monarchic rule. From 1996 to 2006, Nepal suffered from a Civil War between government forces and guerrillas of the Communist Party.
Nepal is a multi-cultural, multi-linguistic and multi-religious country. Nepal has a population of more than 20 million, who belong to dozens of different ethnic groups. They consist of Hindu people (who live mainly in the lowlands) and Buddhists, who live in mountain villages close to Tibet. Hindu people take up 90 percent of the population, who charge in political and religious life. The majority of inhabitants make a living from subsistence agriculture, and the capital Kathmandu is the largest city, the political, cultural and economical center of the country. It is an exotic and fascinating showcase of rich culture, arts and traditions.
The Nepal Currency is Nepalese Rupee (NPR; symbol Rs) which equal to 100 paisa. Notes are in denominations of Rs 1 000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. Coins are in denominations of 50, 25 and 10 paisa. Nepali is Nepal official language. Nepal's Flag is the only one in the world that is non-quadrilateral in shape. The blue border on the flag signifies peace and the red stands for the rhododendron, the national flower of Nepal. While the curved moon is a symbol of peace and calm nature of Nepalese, the sun represents aggressiveness of Nepalese warriors.
Best Travel Season: The best times for traveling in Nepal are October and November. This is when the monsoon and rainy season have passed, and the dry season begins. With sunny weather, clear sky and crisp air, this period is optimum for travel, trekking, as well as photography.
Good Travel Season: From February till April when the dry season ends. This is also a good time for traveling, with warm and pleasant weather, accompanied by blossom and twittering birds outdoors. However, because there is increasing dust in the air, visibility lowers a bit.
Average Travel Season: From December till January of the next year. The air is still crisp, but daytime shortens and nighttime prolongs. Temperatures are rather low at morning and evening.
Unsuitable Travel Season: Summer (June to September) is not a recommended time for traveling in Nepal. The rainy season starts from the end of May, and due to monsoon, 80% of the annual rainfalls happen from June to September. Traffic is not very convenient because of the rainfall and muddy roads. However, if you are a fan of rafting, the rainy season makes this activity more exciting and adventuresome.