Tribhuvan International Airport is located around 5km east of the Kathmandu. Flights can fly from Kathmandu to India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea, the Persian Gulf and China. Most flights to Europe involve a change in the Middle East.
Helicopters can be hired to fly to any destination at any time. For those who have little time but want to see and experience the most part of Nepal, helicopter charter would be the best choice as it is not only practical but pleasurable too. There are lots of domestic airlines providing helicopter services.
The main highways are the 190-km road that runs through the Kathmandu Valley, connecting it with the Indian border; the 87-km road between Kathmandu and Kodari on the Tibetan border, which was severely damaged by flooding in late 1982 and was later rebuilt with Chinese assistance.
Buses and mini-buses often do not have a schedule and leave when there are enough passengers. City buses leave from the City Bus Park which located at the eastern side of Tundikhel parade ground. Trolley buses to Bhaktapur leave from Tripureswor, near the national stadium – Dashrath Rangasala.
Tourist Buses are operated by some private bus companies and travel agencies. Tourist buses are more comfortable, faster and less crowded but more expensive than the local buses. These buses can be booked either in travel agencies or in the bus companies.
Taxis & Tempos (three wheeler auto-rickshaws)
The charge for metered taxi is Rs. 7 at initial flag down and then Rs. 2 for every 200 meters and for the tempos, it starts with Rs. 3. There is an extra 50 percent charge from 9 pm to 6 am.
Rickshaws are an interesting vehicle to get around Kathmandu. They are especially useful for short trips within the old parts of the city where cars are not allowed due to the narrow lanes and crowded marketplaces. The fare can be negotiated beforehand.
Enter Tibet from Nepal that you’d better go with a group which can be arranged by local travel agency in Tamel, Kathmandu. Don‘t try to obtain a Chinese Visa if you intend to enter Tibet from Nepal side, because enter Tibet a regular Chinese Visa is not effective.
Buses are also a good choice from Kathmandu to Lhasa. Chinese-Nepalese Highway spreads 900 kilometers from Kathmandu to Shigatse and Lhasa.