Surrounded by the Yellow River on the west, north and east, the city of Erdos is located in the southwest of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The city is in the middle reaches of the Yellow River. Ordos is a Mongolian name, meaning a place with a great number of palaces.
As one of the cradles of Chinese civilization, the city of Erdos has a long history. As early as 35,000 years ago, the ancient Hetao People began to live on this land and created a glorious culture. In the Thirteenth Century, the great Mongolian conqueror Genghis Khan was greatly impressed by the beautiful scenery here when he passed this city on his way to conquer the Western Xia Kingdom. Western Xia was a state that existed from 1038 to 1227 in what are now the northwestern Chinese provinces of Gansu, Shaanxi, and Ningxia. It was established in the Eleventh Century by Tangut tribes. He loved this place so much that he made up his mind to build his tomb here in the future. In the year 1649, in the Qing Dynasty (1644 -1911), the Chinese government set up a Mongolian prefecture here.
On the vast and splendid Ordos Prairie, the blue sky, the white clouds and the yellow sands are all desperately alluring and amazing. The endless desert, the strong spirits, and the sweet milky tea make visitors dizzy and intoxicated. What's more, as the local nomadic Mongolian people are good at singing and dancing. Tourists can always see them singing on galloping horses and dancing on the broad grassland. The famous picture described in traditional songs, with white clouds that float in the blue sky and gallant horses galloping on the vast prairie, becomes a reality here.
It would be a great life experience to enjoy the unique natural sight of the great desert, walking in the winds and sands, appreciating the special beauty of the desert lakes, and to explore the ancient and mysterious Mongolian folk customs. There are many more wonderful and exciting places of interest here, such as the great Yellow River Valley at Zhungeer Basin, where steep cliffs and historical relics can be observed on the two banks of the river; the tomb of Genghis Khan; the cultural relics of the ancient Hetao People; the relics of the Twelve Connecting Cities; and the famous Buddhism Lama Temple, which is called Zhungeer Zhao in the local Mongolian language. You can learn a lot about the history of Ordos from visiting the above-mentioned places.