Shijiazhuang, the capital city of Hebei Province, is the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of the province. It is also an important provincial industrial base and one of the national cotton textile bases. Lying in the intersection of three main railways in China and with highway network connected with Beijing, Taiyuan, Cangzhou and etc., it is undoubtedly an important transportation hub of China.
Shijiazhuang is a city grown out of a village. Shijiazhuang means the village of Shi family in Chinese. One hundred years ago, Shijiazhuang was a village consisting of six streets, six temples, four wells, 150 households, and 600 people. During one hundred years, it has become a regional center of politics, economy, and culture center. Now it is an important city lying at the southern gateway of Beijing, located in the halfway between Shanxi Province and Shangdong Province.
Almost all of its dramatic development is attributed to the two railways constructed in the early 20th century, namely the Beijing to Wuhan railway, and the Shijiazhuang to Taiyuan Railway. Shijiazhuang is at the intersection of these two railways. After the completion of the railways, Shijiazhuang developed into a town from a village. Its strategic position was further strengthened by the construction of the Shide Railway in 1940. Ever since, it has accelerated its advances both in economy and urban construction. In 1968, Shijiazhuang was established as the capital city of the province in replacement of Baoding city. Now it is a modern metropolis with a population of nearly 9 million and residents of 40 nationalities.
The long-standing central-China culture left behind plenty of cultural relics here: nine pavilions, four pagodas, eight temples, and twenty-four golden memorial archway in Zhengding, a county-level city of Shijiazhuang; the oldest and well-preserved stone arch bridge Zhaozhou Bridge which is renowned as the first bridge under the heaven in Zhao County; the first village of folk-custom tourism; the famous patriotic education base Xibaipo Village.
Besides, the magic nature has created many beautiful natural scenes: the Cangyan Mountain known for its natural scenery and humanistic sights; the Tianzhu Mountian known as the northern Guilin in China; Wuyuezhai national forest park; and other resorts and provincial forest parks.
Tourism industry in Shijiazhuang City is quite developed. Many places of interest have been included in the Guinness World Records. For example, the largest Chinese character inscription Gui (Gui means returning home in Chinese) measure 97.7 meters high and 49 meters wide, commemorating the historic event of Hong Kong’s return to motherland in 1997. Another example is the decorated archway carved with 1999 mascots, built by the local villager in Pinshan County to commemorate the return of Macao in 1999 and the arrival of the new millennium.