Huangcangyu was formerly named Huangsangyu, because the valley is covered with yellow mulberry trees. Han emperor Liu Bang once hid here to avoid capture by the pursuing Qin soldiers, and afterward the place was named Huangcangyu. Huangcangyu scenic spot occupies a total area of 31 square kilometers, made up of hills, valleys and forests. The hills are covered with 146 kinds of woody plants such as pines and cypresses along with 700 varieties of herbs. Fifty-eight kinds of birds inhabit the area along with rare animals like otters, yellow weasels and foxes. Thus, Huangcanyu scenic spot reflects the history of biological communities in the region and has important research value. In a word, Huangcangyu is an extraordinary scenic spot with abundant recourses which thoroughly represents the region.
Huangcang Cave: This is a natural cave on a cliff in the scenic spot. It is more than ten meters deep, round in shape and dangerously situated. There is a huge boulder blocking the entrance of the cave, which is called “the flying stone”. Han emperor Liu Bang once hid in the cave to avoid a catastrophe, and thus it is called “Huangcang Cave”.
Ruiyun Temple: It was built during the Liang Dynasty in the Da Tong years (535 A.D.). Its name was changed to Ruiyun Temple in Song Rui Hong year. Ruiyun Temple is behind a cliff and also in front of the abyss. It has three courtyards and a total of 99 rooms.
Ba Jian Spring: The mouth of Ba Jian Spring is wedge-shaped, like a scabbard. The spring water is clear throughout the year and it never dries up. In 205 B.C., Liu Bang was defeated in Pengcheng, and fled here. Because he was thirsty, he used his sword to cut the huge stone boulder and the spring came out. Thus, it was named “Ba Jian Spring”.
Tian Meng Temple: It was built in the Yuan Dynasty in the Zhi Zheng years. Later it was reconstructed by provincial governor Yang Mi. Thus, it was renamed “Tian Meng Temple”. The monastery is surrounded by cliffs on three sides. It has 44 rooms, and the building itself is constructed along the hills. Its architectural style is simple and unsophisticated. In addition, the seven emerald Buddhas within the temple are unique in the world.
Books Basking Yard: It was said that when Confucius traveled around the country in ancient China, he paid a visit to Song, a state during Spring and Autumn Period of China. Suddenly, the rain poured down, and the correspondence books got all wet. Then, when the sun came out, he dried his books in the yard. Under the weight of the books, grasses inclined to the west. Even today, they remain in the same position.
Arrival Transportation: There is only one shift of bus from Suzhou to zhuangli in the morning every day. Then, tourists can get off in Tengzhuang intersection.
Features: It is a nature reserve and scenic spot in Anhui Province. It was established as a national forest park after government approval in 1992. Huangcanyu National Forest Park is a protected historical and cultural heritage area, a national 4A grade tourism area, and a patriotism education base for Suzhou City.
Address: Locate 30 kilometers southeast of Xiao County.