In 209 B.C., Chen Sheng, Wu Guang and 900 colleagues went to defend enemies in the Yuyang frontier together. However, when arriving in Da Ze County, they were slowed down due to pouring rain. According to Qin laws, they should have been beheaded because of the delay. Said one, "Now, we are about to be beheaded because of the delay. If we rebel against Qin, we will also be dead. Thus, waiting for death is no better than rebelling to death."Therefore, Chen Sheng and Wu Guang killed the leading solider and then mobilized rebels to chop the wood to use as weapons. At the same time, they raised up a flag on a bamboo rod. All the rebels constructed an altar for oaths to say that they would take down Qin. As a result, the altar was later known as "She Gu Tai".
"She Gu Tai"is bucket-shaped, and is 4.6 meters high in the north, 3.2 meters high in the south, 67.6 meters long in the east and west and 65.5 meters wide in the south and north. It occupies a total area of 4,427.8 square meters. "She Gu Tai"is surrounded by trees and a beautiful landscape. Several ancient cypresses grow around the altar. On the east side of "She Gu Tai", there is an ancient well, 20 meters in depth, named "Long Yan Well", which is a cultural relic of the temple. On "She Gu Tai", there are four inscriptions by Ming Wan Li, Qing Dao Guang, Qing Guang Xu and Ming Guo the 29th Year, which indicates the time in the history of China. According to the records of the inscriptions, "Lou Tai Temple"was constructed here in the Ming Dynasty. Along the south side of "She Gu Tai", there is an ancient withering tree shaped like a dragon, named "Zhe Long Shu".
Just 70 meters south of "She Gu Tai", there rises a large Chen Sheng and Wu Guang Uprising Statue in the axle wire. The statue is 9 meters in height, 6.2 meters in width, 1.7 meters in thickness, and weighs 120 tons. Statue has a torch-like shape, symbolizing the raging fire of Chen Sheng and Wu Guang's peasant uprising. The figure of Chen Sheng holds a sword pointing towards Qi County, and makes a rallying call to the rebels with his left hand. The figure of Wu Guang holds a rod with glowing eyes, and stands in the front. This statue won the bronze medal in the sculpture competition in 1984.
Near "She Gu Tai", there are other scenic spots, such as Gou Huo Hu Ming, Yu Fu Dan Shu, Seventy-two Camps and more. The story of Chen Sheng and Wu Guang Uprising are recorded in "Shi Ji, Chenshe Family". On the southeastern side of "She Gu Tai", there is Chen Sheng and Wu Guang Uprising Memorial Hall, called "Hong Gu Yuan". The memorial hall is an antique-looking building, occupying a total area of 2,475 square meters. Chen Sheng and Wu Guang Uprising Memorial Hall has cultural relics on display, dozens of famous inscriptions and nearly 500 well-known paintings and calligraphies.
Address: It locates Liu Village, Xi Po County, Yongqiao area of Suzhou City.
Features: In 1961, She Gu Tai was listed as a provincial-level cultural relics protection site. She Gu Tai, the birthplace of first large peasant uprising, is the cradle of Chinese peasant revolution. It is both an historic location reaching back to antiquity and an excellent tourist destination.
Arrival Transportation: You can take the bus from Suzhou to Xi Po Shi County, where the scenic spot is located. You can also take a taxi or a chartered vehicle to go to the Tomb of the Concubine.