Wat Phra Kaew is the most famous temple and one of the three national treasures in Thailand. It is located in the northeast part of Bangkok Grand Palace. It was built in 1784 and a part of Bangkok Grand Palace, sizing in 1/4 of the latter. It is a place for worship and religious ceremonies and it gets its name because an emerald Buddha is worshiped there. The temple consists of emerald Buddha hall, stupa hall, sutra depository, clochard and golden tower. Emerald Buddha hall is the main structure of Wat Phra Kaew and in the middle of the hall, the national treasure the emerald Buddha is in the shrine. It is 66 centimeters in height and 48 in width, being engraved on an big emerald.
Every time when season changes, the king of Thailand in person will change clothes for the emerald Buddha to spray for his country's prosperity and people's safety. When there is a change in government, members of new cabinet will swear in at Wat Phra Kaew. On Plowing Day in May, the king will hold religious ceremony here, spraying for a good harvest. A mural gallery of about 1 kilometers is stretching around the temple. Murals include 178 pieces of the delicate and colorful serial pictures taking the theme of Ramayana, a work of Indian classic literature. On them there are poems which have been translated into Thai. What's more, on the ceramic screens in Wat Phra Kaew the pictures expressing the Chinese classic literature "Three Kingdoms" in color painting.