Tibet holds the imagination of Shangri-la to many westerns for centuries. The place attracts millions of travelers each year to admire its surreal natural beauty and old religious culture. Below are ten most places you should not miss when you traveling in TIbet.
Located on the side of Marpo Ri (Red Mountain), northwest of Lhasa City, the Potala Palace is a large and impressive building complex.
Built in 637, the Potala Palace was a royal palace of King Songtsan Gampo. In 1645, Lozang Gyatso, the Great Fifth Dalai Lama reconstructed the Potala Palace, from which time the Potala Palace became the residence of the Dalai Lama and the theocratic center of Tibet.
Collected within are innumerable treasures and art works — the Potala Palace is “the palace of art”. The Potala Palace is a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site that you cannot miss in Tibet.
Built in the 7th century, Jokhang Temple is located on Barkhor Square, Lhasa. It is the supreme temple of Tibetan Buddhism, and is considered as the most sacred and important temple by Tibetans. Jokhang Temple is a must for Lhasa tour.
It was built by King Songtsan Gampo for his two brides: the Tang Princess Wencheng and Nepalese Princess Bhrikuti. The temple's architectural style combines Chinese Tang Dynasty design with Indian vihara design and Nepalese design.
Both princesses brought statues of Sakyamuni from China and Nepal respectively, and the two statues were housed in Jokhang Temple. At present the statue Princess Wencheng brought is still housed in the temple, but the statue Princess Bhrikuti brought is housed in Ramoche Temple.
Namtso is considered as one of the most beautiful places in Tibet. Located in Damxung County and Baingo County, Tibet Autonomous Region, Lake Namtso is the second largest salt water lake in China. Namtso means ‘Heaven Lake’ in Tibetan. Namtso is at an altitude of about 4,718 meters (15,479 feet) — truly a lake in the sky.
Namtso is regarded as a holy lake by Tibetan Buddhists. During the Year of the Sheep in the Tibetan calendar believers make a pilgrimage to Lake Namtso. There are four temples around the lake. Quiet and large Lake Namtso, next to the blue sky, with white cloud surrounding the giant snow mountains, will purge your soul whether you are a Buddhist believer or not.
Yamdrok Lake (Yamdrok Yumtso) is one of the three holy lakes in Tibet. Located in Nagarzê County, Shannan Prefecture, Yamdrok Lake is about 70 kilometers from Lhasa.
Yamdrok Lake means ‘jade lake’ in Tibetan. It is a barrier lake, since glacial mud-rock flows blocked the river way millions of years ago. Yamdrok Lake, with a surface area of 638 km2 is about 70 times the size of West Lake in Hangzhou. It is a coral-colored lake and it is also called coral lake.
The famous Samding Monastery, the only Tibetan monastery which is headed by a female tulku is on the southwest coast of the lake. The unique natural scenery of Yamdrok Lake, combining lakes, islands, pasture, wild animals and plants, the monastery, snowy mountains, and blue sky, is incredibly attractive.
The Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon is the deepest canyon in the world and regarded as the most beautiful canyon in China.
Stretching 505 km (314 miles), the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon starts from Daduka Village, Mainling County at an altitude of 2,880 meters (9,450 feet) in the north to Pasighat Village, Mêdog County at an altitude of 115 meters (377 feet) in the south. Its average depth is 2,268 meters (7,440 feet) and the deepest point is 6,009 meters (19,714 feet).
The Tsangpo Canyon is the biggest channel for aqueous vapor from the Indian Ocean to access the Tibet Plateau. Therefore the Tsangpo Canyon is very moist, with dense forests and various wildlife. Combining high mountains, turning canyons, and great waterfalls, it is no doubt that the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon is an amazing natural phenomenon, and a great treasure for mankind.
Yangbajing (also spelled Yangbajain) is a town in Damxung County, about 90 kilometers northwest of Lhasa. The town is famous for its geothermal resources. The Yangbajing Hot Springs are the highest hot springs in China surrounded by snowy mountains. Therefore, it is an important tourist destination in Tibet.
Every morning, the Yangbajing Hot Springs are suffused by white vapor as the hot water meets the cold air. It is the most beautiful time at the Yangbajing Hot Springs, and it makes you feel like you are in a fairyland. At the right time you can watch a boiling hot geyser rush out to the sky. It is enjoyable to take a hot spring bath in winter with snow around.
Also see China's Top Hot Spring.
Located in the old town of Lhasa City, Barkhor Street is a famous circumambulation and commercial center, and mostly retains the traditional features of the ancient city and its living mode.
It was the designated circumambulation around the Jokhang Temple, but now it is extended to include large pieces of the old quarter around the Jokhang Temple. There is a huge censer in the center of the street diffusing burning incense day and night.
There are more than 120 handicraft shops and 200 stalls on the street with 8,000 kinds of goods, including religious articles such as copper Buddhas, prayer wheels, scriptures, and prayer beads, and Tibetan handicrafts such as Tibetan wool, snuff bottles, and Tibetan knives. Goods from India, Nepal, Burma, and Kashmir are also sold.
Norbulingka is located in the west of Lhasa, a short distance to the southwest of the Potala Palace. Norbulingka means ‘Jeweled Park’ in Tibetan.
Built in 1755, Norbulingka was the summer palace of the Dalai Lamas. Dalai Lamas would move there from the Potala Palace in summer.
Norbulingka cover an area of 36 hectares (89 acres) with 374 rooms. It is the largest garden, with the best scenery and the most historical sites, in Tibet. It has been turned into a park. Norbulingka is an important place to celebrate the Shoton Festival, a traditional Tibetan festival. Norbulingka is free of charge at Shoton Festival, and there are various activities are held there including Tibetan drama performances.
Tashilhunpo Monastery is located on Nyima Mountain, west of Shigatse City. It was built in 1447 by Gendun Drup, and major expansions were made by the 4th Panchen Lama.
It is one of the four Gelugpa Monasteries in Tibet. The others are Gandan Monastery, Drepung Monastery, and Sera Monastery. Tashilhunpo Monastery is the largest monastery in Shigatse, and it can accommodate 2,000 people chanting sutras.
It covers an area of 150,000 square meters (1,600,000 square feet) with white walls. The highest statue of the Maitreya Buddha is in the Maitreya Temple of Tashilhunpo Monastery. The statue is 26.2 meters (86 feet) high.
Lulang means ‘dragon king valley’ in Tibetan. Lulang Forest is about 88 km from Bayi town in Nyingchi Prefecture, and National Road 318 runs though the forest. It is quite convenient to get there.
Lulang Forest is a typical plateau forest on mountain slopes. The mountains are covered from low to high with bushes, dragon spruce, and pine trees, composing the forest.
There is a cultivated meadow area in the middle of the forest. Rivulets wind through the meadow and some villages are scattered there. The cloud and mist gather and scatter among the mountains, forest, and villages composing beautiful scenery.
There are many other attractive places in Tibet that are worthy of visiting, such as Drepung Monastery, Samye Monastery, Sakya Monastery, Basum Lake, Manasarovar Lake, Tibet Museum, and Segrila Mountain.
Tibet holds the imagination of Shangri-la to many westerns for centuries. The place attracts millions of travelers each year to admire its surreal natural beauty and old religious culture. Below are ten most places you should not miss when you traveling in Tibet.