The National Anthem of the People's Republic of China is the March of the Volunteers. This song was composed by Nie Er and Tian Han in 1932, and adopted as a theme song in the movie Children of Trouble Times in 1935. Both the song and the movie aimed for encouraging Chinese people to resist the invasion from the Japanese, and millions of Chinese youngsters were raised by this song and dedicated themselves to the liberation of their motherland.
On September 27th, 1949, March of the Volunteers was adopted as the temporary National Anthem, before the formal national anthem selected, by the 1st CPPCC. During the Cultural Revolution (a dark period of Chinese history from the mid 1960s to the early or mid 1970s), this song was forbidden to be sung and Tian Han, the writer of the lyrics, was imprisoned. In 1978, Cultural Revolution reached its end, and this song was readopted as the National Anthem, but the lyrics were changed. In 1982 the original lyrics were restored. On March 14th,, 2004, March of the Volunteers was selected to be the National Anthem of China formally by the Second Plenary Session of 10th NPC.
Words writer: Tian Han (1898-1968), born in Changsha, Hunan Province, a great playwright. He had been studying in Japan from 1916 to 1921. After returning, he set up the Creative Society together with Guo Moruo (1892-1978). In 1968, he died during the Cultural Revolution.
Works: March of the volunteers, White Snake, Wusong, Wu Zetian, The West Chamber and Yue Fei, etc. Music writer: Nie Er (1912-1935), born in Kunming, Yunnan Province, a famous Chinese composer, when studying in the First Associate Middle School of Yunnan Province, he was gradually influenced by progressive publications and revolutionary songs like the Internationale. In 1930, he joined an organization against Imperialism in Shanghai. In 1935, he unfortunately drowned in Japan.
March of the volunteers, Spring Dawn on the Emerald Lake, the Wild Dance of the Golden Snake.
MP3 download of China national anthem