Home China Guide China Introduction China's National Symbols

China's National Symbols

National Anthem

The National Anthem of the People's Republic of China is the March of the Volunteers. This song was composed by Nie Er and Tian Han in 1932, and adopted as a theme song in the movie Children of Trouble Times in 1935. Both the song and the movie aimed for encouraging Chinese people to resist the invasion from the Japanese, and millions of Chinese youngsters were raised by this song and dedicated themselves to the liberation of their motherland.

On September 27th, 1949, March of the Volunteers was adopted as the temporary National Anthem, before the formal national anthem selected, by the 1st CPPCC. During the Cultural Revolution (a dark period of Chinese history from the mid 1960s to the early or mid 1970s), this song was forbidden to be sung and Tian Han, the writer of the lyrics, was imprisoned. In 1978, Cultural Revolution reached its end, and this song was readopted as the National Anthem, but the lyrics were changed. In 1982 the original lyrics were restored. On March 14th,, 2004, March of the Volunteers was selected to be the National Anthem of China formally by the Second Plenary Session of 10th NPC.

Words writer: Tian Han (1898-1968), born in Changsha, Hunan Province, a great playwright. He had been studying in Japan from 1916 to 1921. After returning, he set up the Creative Society together with Guo Moruo (1892-1978). In 1968, he died during the Cultural Revolution.

Works: March of the volunteers, White Snake, Wusong, Wu Zetian, The West Chamber and Yue Fei, etc. Music writer: Nie Er (1912-1935), born in Kunming, Yunnan Province, a famous Chinese composer, when studying in the First Associate Middle School of Yunnan Province, he was gradually influenced by progressive publications and revolutionary songs like the Internationale. In 1930, he joined an organization against Imperialism in Shanghai. In 1935, he unfortunately drowned in Japan.

March of the volunteers, Spring Dawn on the Emerald Lake, the Wild Dance of the Golden Snake.

Lyrics of China National Anthem

MP3 download of China national anthem

National Emblem

The five stars have the same meaning with the ones on National Flag.

The golden gear represents the workers. The wheat represents the peasants. The connection of them represents the Worker-Peasant Alliance led by the Working Class of China.

The Castle of Tian'anmen Square represents the great Revolutionary Traditions and magnificent National Spirits of Chinese people, meanwhile, it is the symbol of Beijing - the capital of People's Republic of China.

The colors of the National Badge are red and golden, the 2 colors reflect people's wish of being fortunate and show the magnificence.

The whole badge symbolizes the New Democratic Revolution began with the May Fourth movement and foundation of People's Republic of China, with the constitution People's Democratic Dictatorship, on the base of Worker-Peasant Alliance, and under the leadership of Working Class.

The Chinese National Badge was designed by Liang sicheng, Lin huiyin and other 6 experts and finally confirmed by Gao Zhuang.

National Flag

tiananmen squareTiananmen Flag Raising Ceremony

The National Flag of China has bright red bases with five golden stars adorning it on the upper left side corner. The star on the left is larger than the other four, and it represents the Communist Party of China. The other four represents millions of Chinese people. The bright red color represents the great and sacred communist revolution led by Communist Party of China. The whole flag means Chinese people can overcome all the difficulties, defeat all the enemies and invaders and succeed in all the revolutions and constructions under the leadership of Communist Party of China.

On October 1st, 1949, the present Chinese flag was first hoisted in the Tiananmen Square on the occasion of the foundation of the People's Republic of China.

The designer of National flag is Zeng liansong (1917-1999) he was an economist in Shanghai, also a member of the standing committee of the CPPCC Shanghai committee. When he was young he joined the Liberation War against Japan. In 1999, he died of illness.