The Qianling Museum can be visited during a tour of the Qianling Mausoleum. The Qianling Mausoleum is a large burial complex that contains the mausoleum of Li Zhi (李治, 628-683) who was the third emperor of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Like his father named Li Shimin (599-649) who was the second emperor of the empire and was buried at the Zhaoling Mausoleum complex, he was buried together with his wife who was named Empress Wu. It is said to be unusual for Chinese emperors to be buried with their wives. There are about 17 other tombs and mausoleums near the central mausoleum. Three prominent mausoleums in this mausoleum complex are those of Princess Yongtai, Prince Zhanghuai and Prince Yide. The mausoleum is on a mountain called Liangshan Mountain. While touring the mausoleum area, visitors can visit the Qianling Museum to see the artifacts discovered in the Qianling Mausoleum.
Information about the Qianling Museum
The Qianling Museum was built in the area of the Mausoleum of Princess Yongtai that is a part of the Qianling Mausoleum complex. It is a museum that holds artifacts excavated from several mausoleums that have been excavated. However, the main Qianling Mausoleum hasn’t been excavated, and it is said that archeologists think it has never been robbed by grave robbers, so it may hold a lot of treasure and historically important artifacts.
Emperor Gaozong and Empress Wu (628-705)
Li Zhi (628-683) was the ninth son of Li Shimin and Empress Zhangsun. His imperial name was Emperor Gaozong (High Religion). Li Shimin’s imperial name was Emperor Taizong. Li Zhi became the emperor in 649 when his father died. Emperor Taizong was a strong ruler, but Li Zhi was a weak ruler. In about the middle of his reign in the year 665, his wife named Empress Wu had two high officials who supported Li Zhi killed, and she took over much of the rule of the Tang Empire. Li Zhi was physically weak with health problems towards the end of his rule. After Li Zhi died in 683, Empress Wu continued to rule though Li Zhe became the fourth Tang Emperor. The reign of Emperor Gaozong and Empress Wu was strange.
Though Li Zhi’s reign was rife with political plots and assassinations and his wife became the main ruler, the Tang Empire armies were strong enough to win several major wars and defend its territory. Many of the emperor’s family members were assassinated. It is believed that Empress Wu killed several of her own children to consolidate power. Li Zhi was buried in the Qianling Mausoleum in 684. From then on, his two sons ruled though Empress Wu was the major ruler.
Li Zhe was the fourth emperor, but Empress Wu replaced him with another son named Emperor Ruizong. In 690, the Empress deposed him and started her own dynasty. It is said that she was the only woman who had her own dynasty. She ruled as Empress of the Zhou (周) dynasty for 15 years. In early 705, she became ill. There was a coup led by Tang generals and officials, and the building she was in was surrounded and her supporters were killed. She was removed to another building and a man of the Tang Dynasty clan became the next Tang Emperor. She died later in 705 and was buried in the Qianling Mausoleum with the emperor in 706.
The Qingling Mausoleum is in Xianyang City that is about 80 kilometers or about 50 miles away from Xian. Tourist Bus No. 3 goes there from the Xian Train Station. There are other buses that go to Qian County from the Xian West Passenger Bus Station. Then transfer to buses that go to the mausoleum area.
Hours: about 8:30- 18:00
I updated this article on November 11, 2013
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