The Tomb of the Kings of Shache
With an area of 1,050 square meters (11,302 square feet), the Tomb of the King of Shache was first built in 1533 during the reign of Emperor Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).A number of kings, princes and princesses were buried there in historical sequence, of whichthe most well-known was a princess, the famous poet and musician, Amannisha, who had composed the 'Twelve Mukam'. Her significant achievement contributed to the glorious culture of China.
The Tomb of the King of Shache is famous for its exquisite and splendid decoration. Though there has been damage to the Tomb of the King of Shache over the centuries, the wall decorations and the structure are still in good shape. Its musical art is unique in human history.
In recent years, the local government and residents built a new tomb specifically for Princess Amannisha, which is much taller and more delicate than the original one. So far, numerous visitors have come to pay their respects to the princess owing to its location between Hancheng and Huicheng.On May 20th, 2006, the 'Twelve Mukam' was listed in the first batch of National Intangible Cultural Heritage by the State Council of China.
Background Information of Shache
Under thejurisdiction of the Western Region Frontier Command Headquarters in the Han Dynasty, Shache had long served as a stronghold along the ancient Silk Road, neighboringTaklimakan Desert to the east, Pamir Plateau to the west and Karakorum Mountains to the south.
Crisscrossed by rivers and canals, Shache wassuitable for both agriculture and animal husbandry, being a place that was contested by both the Han Empire (206 BC-220)and the Huns during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220). The King of Shache was conferred the title of Cherishing Virtue King (Huaide King) by the Guangwu Emperor owing to his great contribution to resisting the Huns in the 5thyear (29 AD) of the Jianwu Period in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220). Later, the King of Shache submitted to the Huns, and General Ban Chao attacked Shache and conquered it in the first year of the Zhanghe Period of the Eastern Han Dynasty(25-220).
It was known as the Qusha State during the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-557). The Qusha State was annexed by the Yudian State (presently Hetian of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region) during the Sui (581-618), the Tang (618-907) and the Song (960-1279) dynasties.It was named Yaerkan in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and Ye’erqiang in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and it was renamed Shache in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
Two cities were successively built in Shache during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911);the old one was known as Huicheng and the new one was called Hancheng (so-called Shache), both of which were well connected.
Shache was a transportationhub between China and the Western countries in ancient times, which led to Dawan (presently Fergana Valley) via Shule (presently Kashkar) in the north-west, and it was accessible to Tianzhu (presently India) via Puli (presently Tashiku'ergan Tajike Autonomous County) in the south-west.
Location:Yigangqi Town, Shache County ofKashkar, 28 kilometers (17 miles) from Shache County
Transportation: A taxi will take you there from Yarkent
Opening times: all day long
I updated this article on December 10, 2013
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