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Zunyi City is now well-known as the place of the secret Zunyi Meeting of the Communist Party in 1935. It is Guizhou Province's second largest city. It is also the tourist centre of northern Guizhou and is on the list of the top 24 historic and cultural cities in China. The Xiangjiang River flows in the city and separates it into new and old city districts. The city centre of Zunyi is 153 kilometers north of Guiyang City. It takes about three hours by bus. It is 308 kilometers south of Chongqing City. The central district of the city covers an area of about 60 square kilometres, and the district has a population of 900,000. The total population of Zunyi is 7,655,400 people.
Zunyi is an important tourist place in southwest China. It has a key role in the "tourist golden triangle" composed of Sichuan, Chongqing and Guizhou provinces. It is an ideal natural hotspot for international tourists in the Three Gorges region. Zunyi's scenery is colored by the features of mountains, the waterfalls, rivers and streams, the big valleys, woods and caves. Guizhou residents say that the scenery will give you "three washings": the Zunyi Brain Washing, the Moutai Vodka Stomach Washing, and the Chi Shui River Lung Washing – to not only get the sense of the Great Red Army Long March but also to be intoxicated by smooth and rich Moutai Vodka and enjoy the refreshing air of the Chi Shui River.
Zunyi has a long history. During the Spring and Autumn Period, it was once the territory of the Ba and Shu. During the Warring States Period, it was a vassal state of Yelang. In the Qing and Han eras, it was a prefecture. In the 13th year of the Zhenguan reign of the Tang Dynasty, Bozhou was established and named "Luomeng"; then later, in the Song Dynasty, it was renamed "Bochuan County". In the Ming Dynasty, it had the name "Zunyi" and was under the government of Sichuan Province. In the fifth year of Yongzheng during the Qing Dynasty, Zunyi became part of Guizhou Province.
During the Republic of China period, Zunyi had a Commissioner's Office. After liberation, Zunyi became an administrative district. Zunyi's history is rich and long, and civilization and culture have been evolving down to the modern era, when the remarkable Zunyi Meeting was held, and it established itself as an important place in China's revolutionary history. In June, 1997, it was designated as "Zunyi City" by the State Council. Before the 1950s, Zunyi was a small town of two square kilometers and a population of less than 50,000. After a short 50 years of development, Zunyi has sprung up to be the second largest city in Guizhou.
Zunyi has a monsoon climate. It doesn't freeze in the winters, and it is not very hot in the summer. The climate is the same in most areas of Guizhou Province. The annual average temperature is between 13 °C - 18 °C . There is abundant precipitation and lots of sunshine. It is suitable to visit all year long.
Chishui is the main tourist area in Zunyi. It is best to travel there between the months of May and October, since it is a little cold in the spring and winter. July and August, it is hot, but the scenic spots including Shizhang Waterfall, Sidonggou Valley Scenic Spot and Bamboo Grove are good to visit in the summer because there are dense forests.
Tips: Since Zunyi is in the Yunnan - Guizhou Plateau, the weather is quite changeable. Take sun block and an umbrella with you. Whenever you go, don't miss the chance to enjoy fine liquors in the Maotai Town of Renhuai City.