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Lord Bao Park has a solemn and beautiful environment. The lake inside the park ripples. Some people worship the famous people or their ancestors here. In Lord Bao Park, the three main attractions are the Memorial Temple of Lord Bao, Lord Bao’s Tomb and Qingfeng Chamber. Visitors can also go to two public scenic spots: Footprints of Lord Bao and Floating Village.
Lord Bao Park is located on Wuhu Road in the Baohe District. It is outside the South Inner Ring Road.
It is ranked a AAAA tourist scenic spot in China. The park was built in memory of Lord Bao. Lord Bao is regarded as one of the honest and upright officials in feudal China. It is the most renowned and influential memorial temple for Lord Bao in the country, and one of the top three scenic spots of historical significance in Hefei. The other two are Mingjiao Temple and Xiaoyaojin Park.
The full name of this temple is the Memorial Temple of Lord Bao Xiaoshu. It was constructed in memory of Bao Zheng who is idealized as an upright and honest official and a political reformer in the Song Dynasty. Xiaoshu is Lord Bao's posthumous name that was granted by Emperor Renzhong of the Song Dynasty in order to promote Lord Bao's contribution to the country.
The Temple consists of a central building with two wings attached perpendicularly. In the central building, Lord Bao Hall, there is a huge statue of Lord Bao. He is portrayed as sitting on a chair and holding a sceptre in one hand and a pen in the other. The austere and stern expression on his face displays his impartial and incorruptible moral character.
To the west of Lord Bao Hall are a long walkway and a small pavilion along the river that is called Liufang Pavilion. To the east is Dragon Well Pavilion, with an ancient well called Lian Spring in it. The well is also called Dragon Well because several dragons are carved on the roof of the pavilion, and they are reflected in the well in the daytime. If the water ripples, it looks like the dragons are flying. The well received its name from an article written by Li Guowei, a Juren of the late Qing Dynasty, called: “Jin Xiang Ji."He wrote:“The water in the well beside the Memorial Temple of Lord Bao is magic; corrupt officials will get a headache when drinking it."
The Temple is surrounded by water, and its main entrance faces south. In its west gallery are exhibited The Book of Bao Genealogy, artefacts, Family Instructions and some relevant books. The Temple is surrounded by the Baohe River in which it is said that the Honghua lotus grew. In the temple area, there is a waxworks display that portrays Lord Bao stories and the Cultural Corridor of Lord Bao. They are great sight-seeing exhibits for visitors to understand the story of Lord Bao.
The full name of this cemetery is the Tomb Yard of Lord Bao Xiaoshu. It covers an area of 3 hectares, and there is 3000 square meters of building area. It is a relatively well preserved ancient cemetery in China. The Tomb Yard Cemetery is closely linked to the Memorial Temple. It borders Wuhu Road to the south, Baohe River to the north, Ya-Ming Museum of Art to the east and Qingfeng Chamber to the west.
Lord Bao, his wife and his siblings were buried. Lord Bao once said, "My siblings won't be allowed to be buried here when they die if they are corrupt.”
The Tomb Yard consists of a main cemetery, a stele passageway, his wife's tomb, an underground tomb and a management area. The main tomb is in the shape of an inverted bucket. Inside is an epitaph and a 2.4-meter-long golden wooden coffin with the remains of Bao Zheng. Another tomb on the north side is that of Bao Zheng's wife and their siblings. The whole tomb area is kept quiet.
There are two watchtowers on either side of the tomb gate. One is 6.4 meters high, and the other one is 4.5 meters high. They are called "Mother and Son Watchtowers."The tradition of building watchtowers on both sides of a tomb gate began during the Western Han Dynasty. There are few well preserved cemetary watchtowers in China.