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Jingzhou Museum

The Jingzhou Municipal Museum houses over 120,000 precious ancient Chinese relics. Boasting about 300 relics considered among the most important in China. This museum is a must for ancient Chinese buffs. Get your relic fix and learn something new while in the company of mummies and weapons.

Jingzhou Museum is a comprehensive municipal museum that covers an area of 48,000 square meters. The museum was chosen to be among the top ten city museums, ranked a "4A" museum by the government.


The Jingzhou Museum also has ancient weapons and lacquer ware, an ancient math book, the Jian Du of "Precepts of Two Years" of the early Han Dynasty, and a well preserved male mummy, also of the Early Han Dynasty. There are also various sorts of precious prehistoric jade ornaments and rare silk articles of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC).

These rare treasures attract a large number of Chinese and foreign tourists year by year.

Relics are displayed in two exhibition zones:

The front hall exhibition has a display of representative artifacts from various eras. The hall instructs on the history of the development of civilization in Jingzhou from the Paleolithic era to the Qin and Han dynasties. Two thematic exhibitions have been set up. One having been named as the Top Ten Antiques Exhibition in China in 1999.

The back hall has three exhibitions of unearthed treasures. One is called "Han Tomb 168 of Jingzhou Phoenix Hill". 

Han Tomb 168

It displays the male body, the coffin, and buried possessions of the Western Han Dynasty (206–9 BC). These were excavated by the Jingzhou Museum in Jinan, the former ancient capital city of the Chu, in 1975.

According to written records unearthed from the tomb, the deceased man was named "Sui". He held the governmental post as "Wu Da Fu", and he was buried in the thirteenth year of Emperor Han Wen Di (167 BC). This was before a female body was unearthed from a Changsha Mawangdui Han Tomb. The male body has been buried in the ground for 2,000 years with unusually little decay.

Researchers think that the preservation was caused by the deeply buried and well sealed tomb that kept out the air and water and a stable temperature. The coffin had fluid, 100,000 milliliters of mercury, that had an anti-bactericidal effect.

The coffin holding the male body is also well preserved. The large outer coffin room show the noble status of the owner. The buried possessions on display have two "best in the world" relics which are a hemp skirt and hemp shoes. They are of distinctive design, and these shoes and shirts are among the best preserved articles of their kind and age in the world. They are priceless national treasures.


You can take bus 14, 19, 21, 33, or 101 to the west gate of Jingzhou Museum.