The city city is now a world-leading port and industry area. There was a Qing fort there in the late Qing Empire, and in the early 20th century under German and Japanese rule, it was one of China's most modern towns.
1897 The city was ceded to Germany.
1914 Japan conquered the city after declaring war on Germany.
1938 Japan conquered the region.
Significance of the city: It is a major port city and the center of a rapidly growing industrial region. The World Bank named it as one of the 6 "golden cities" of China in 2006.
Municipality terrain: The municipality terrain covers a small peninsula and surrounding areas on the East China Sea facing South Korea. There are some mountains in the municipality and several small rivers.
Main rivers: Licun River
Municipality location: 35 ° 35' to 37 ° 09' N and 119 ° 30' to 121 ° 00' E; East China
Municipality population: 8,715,000
Municipality area: 11,026 sq km (4,257 sq mi)
Municipality population density: 790/sq km (2,047/sq mi)
Urban area: 1,411 sq km (544 sq mi)
Urban population: 3,063,000
Urban population density: 2,170/sq km (5,622/sq mi)
North to south distance: 117 km (73 mi)
East to west distance: 54 km (33 mi)
City center: Shinan District (36.0N, 120.37E)
Annual average low temperature in January: -3 °C (27 °F)
Annual average high temperature in July: 28 °C (82 °F)
Temperate, four-season, monsoon-influenced climate; annual precipitation: 700~900 mm (27~ 35 in) depending on location and elevation
Qingdao has dry, cold winters and warm, humid summers.
Average annual income: (2008) 52,900 RMB (8,316 USD)
Development: developing; the economy is rapidly growing, and the city has the world's seventh largest port.