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Qingdao Facts

Qingdao Facts

Written by Candice SongUpdated Aug. 17, 2023
Qingdao Haibian

Name: Qingdao (青岛; Qīngdǎo /ching-dow/)
Meaning: 'blue-green island'
Previous names: Tsingtao (Western name), Jiao-ao (Qing Empire)


Main Attractions



The city city is now a world-leading port and industry area. There was a Qing fort there in the late Qing Empire, and in the early 20th century under German and Japanese rule, it was one of China's most modern towns.

  • 1897 The city was ceded to Germany.
  • 1914 Japan conquered the city after declaring war on Germany.
  • 1938 Japan conquered the region.


  • Significance of the city: It is a major port city and the center of a rapidly growing industrial region. The World Bank named it as one of the 6 "golden cities" of China in 2006.
  • Nearby cities: Jinan (308 km/191 mi), Yantai (250 km/155 mi)
  • Municipality terrain: The municipality terrain covers a small peninsula and surrounding areas on the East China Sea facing South Korea. There are some mountains in the municipality and several small rivers.
  • Main rivers: Licun River

Location Information

  • Municipality location: 35 ° 35' to 37 ° 09' N and 119 ° 30' to 121 ° 00' E; East China
  • Municipality population: 8,715,000
  • Municipality area: 11,026 sq km (4,257 sq mi)
  • Municipality population density: 790/sq km (2,047/sq mi)
  • Urban area: 1,411 sq km (544 sq mi)
  • Urban population: 3,063,000
  • Urban population density: 2,170/sq km (5,622/sq mi)
  • North to south distance: 117 km (73 mi)
  • East to west distance: 54 km (33 mi)
  • City center: Shinan District (36.0N, 120.37E)


Qingdao Haibian
  • Annual average low temperature in January: -3 °C (27 °F)
  • Annual average high temperature in July: 28 °C (82 °F)
  • Temperate, four-season, monsoon-influenced climate; annual precipitation: 700~900 mm (27~ 35 in) depending on location and elevation

Qingdao has dry, cold winters and warm, humid summers.


  • Average annual income: (2008) 52,900 RMB (8,316 USD)
  • Development: developing; the economy is rapidly growing, and the city has the world's seventh largest port.
  • Industry: 46.4% tertiary industry (services), 48.7% secondary (heavy industry, electronics, petrochemical industry), 4.9% primary (agriculture, fishing industry)
  • Shopping Streets: Longshan Underground Commercial Street, Taidong Pedestrian Street


  • Qingdao Liuting International Airport is about 65 kilometers from the city center.
  • 1 main regular train station
  • The first subway line may begin operation in 2014.
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