Dunhuang Part Two Video
The Mogao Grottoes are one of most famous Buddhist grotto concentrations in China. They are located 15km (10 mi) southeast of Dunhuang (25 km (16 mi) by road). These caves are carved out of the sandstone cliffs of Echoing Sand (Mingsha) Mountain. The 1,600 m (one mile) of grottoes in the south to north cliff were constructed in 10 dynasties from the 4th to the 14th century. The Mogao grottoes' 45,000 square meters (480,000 sq ft) of mural paintings and more than 2,000 color statues are regarded as the greatest treasure-house of Buddhist art existing in the world.