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Yangzhou, on the other bank of Yangtze River, emerged during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.) when Fu Chai,king of the Wu State, built his defence system, Eventually it grew into a large, population city. Emperor Yangdi of the Sui Dynasty (581-618) visited prostitutes here; emperors Huizong and Gaozong of the Song Dynasty (960-1279) built their temporary palaces here, and Qing Emperor Qianlong visited six times.
The city itself is a museum of Chinese culture and a beautiful Chinese garden. Small and quite as it is, you have an easy access to all latest modern convenience here, too, while enjoying traditional heritage. Through all the ages, scholars and poets have lavishly praised Yangzhou in prose and poetry, pouring their love and yearning for this city in the most beautiful language. This is the only city in China that receives such an honour and it deserves, too.
The city was founded by the 4th century BC, with its oldest known name being Kuang-ling. Its first location was east of the present site. In 590 AD, Kuang-ling began to be called Yangzhou, which was the traditional name of the entire southeastern part of China. Beginning in the 7th century, Yangzhou was the chief commercial city of the Yangtze area, due to its importance as a canal port, seaport, and administrative center.
For westerners, an interesting footnote to Yangzhou's history is that Marco Polo served there under the Mongol emperor Kubilai Khan, in the period around 1282-1287.
Yangzhou features a humid climate being in the subtropical zone, and its annual average temperature is 15 °C. In July, the average temperature is 27.6 °C. The coldest month is January, with an average temperature of 1.5 °C.
The annual average precipitation is 1,030 mm, and about 45 percent of rainfall is concentrated in the summer. The rainy season known as "plum rain season" usually lasts from mid-June to late July. During this season, the plums are ripening, hence the name plum rain.
Jade articles and lacquer wares produced in Yangzhou are famous. They are the representatives of Yangzhou handcrafts.
In addition, there are other famous local special products like fluffy toys, paper cuttings and bonsai (potted landscape).
The busiest shopping street in Yangzhou is Wenchang Road. All the large shopping centers are located along the street. The Siwangting Road (四望亭路) near the Wenchang Pavilion (文昌阁) is a popular food street among the locals .
Location: there are fluffy toy markets around the North Gate (北门), West Gate (西门) and South Gate (南门) of Slender West Lake (瘦西湖).
Summary: they are large-scale markets. Prices at the North Gate are relatively lower.
Transportation: passengers can take public bus No. 20 to the South Gate, or take tourist bus No. 1 or No. 2 to the North Gate
Location: No.52, Guoqing road, Guanglin District (广陵区国庆路52号)
Summary: A well-known and time-honored store in Yangzhou, selling authentic local tea snacks.
Specialties: peanut brittle (花生糖), Jinguo powder (金果粉) and double-ninth cake (重阳糕)
Location: No.120, South Wenhe Road (汶河南路120号)
Transportation: passengers can take public bus No.12, 26, 29 or 32 to get there.
Summary: Located at Yangzhou’s busiest area – Wenchangge Square, it is a large comprehensive shopping center with numerous brands.
Location: No.2, Hancheng Street (邗城大道2号)
Transportation: passengers can take public bus No. 20, 26 or 66 to get there.
Summary: A large supermarket popular among the local people.
Location: No.1, North Wenhe Road (汶河北路1号)
Transportation: passengers can take public bus No. 29 or 30 and get off at the Wanjiafu station.