Xiamen Facts

Name: Xiamen (厦门; Xiàmén /xee'ah-men/)
Meaning: 'gate to the mansion'
Previous names: Amoy, Tongan, Siming


  • Old architecture and relaxing atmosphere at Gulangyu Island
  • Modernized, clean environment
  • One of China's five Special Economic Zones
  • Ranked as China's "second-most suitable city for living" in 2006
  • A major city across from Taiwan with substantial Taiwanese investment

The China International Fair for Investment and Trade (CIFIT) is one of the most important in China.

Main Attractions


The city is on the coast of Fujian Province and has long been an important port city open to foreign trade. It was controlled and developed by the British Empire from the mid 19th century until 1912.

  • 960-1279 During the Song Empire period, the city was a port open to foreign trade.
  • 1387 A Ming general built a fort to guard against pirates.
  • 1650-1660 Koxinga fought against the invading Manchus from the area.
  • 1841 British troops captured the city and created one of their oldest settlements in China.
  • 1938-1945 The Japanese army occupied the city.
  • 1980 Xiamen was declared to be one of the four original Special Economic Zones.


  • Significance of the city: It is now a major port city and industrial pioneer heavily invested in and influenced by foreigners and especially Taiwanese and people of Chinese descent outside the mainland. It's port and airport are among China's top twelve busiest such facilities.
  • Nearby cities: Quanzhou (66 km/41 mi), Fuzhou (209 km/130 mi), Meizhou (370 km/230 mi)
  • Municipality terrain: The main part of the city is on the island of Xiamen. The terrain is composed of islands and some hilly mainland area between a river and the sea.
  • Main rivers: Jiulong River

Location Information

  • Municipality location: East China.
  • Municipality population: 3,530,000
  • Municipality area: 1,573 sq km (607.3 sq mi)
  • Municipality population density: 2,245/sq km (5,814/sq mi)
  • Urban area: 136 sq km (52 sq mi)
  • Urban population: 1,861,289
  • Urban population density: 13,685/sq km (35,794/sq mi)
  • City center: Nanhu Park on Xiamen Island (24.48N, 118.10E)


  • Annual average low temperature in January: 10 °C (50 °F)
  • Annual average high temperature in July: 32 °C (89.6 °F)
  • Humid subtropical climate; annual precipitation: 1,350 mm (53 in)

Xiamen's climate is monsoonal humid subtropical. It has hot and humid summers and short cool winters. Most people would consider the weather and air quality pleasant.


  • Average annual income: 64,413 RMB (9,438 USD)
  • Development: developed. The city is a pioneer for electronics and engineering machinery. It's port and airport are among China's top twelve busiest such facilities.
  • Industry: 49% tertiary industry (financial services), 50% secondary (electronics, machinery), 1% primary (agriculture)
  • CBD: 24.49N, 118.11E
  • Shopping Streets: Zhongshanlu Pedestrian Street, Ladies Street (fashion), Longtou Road, Fushan Business Circle


  • Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport is conveniently just 10 km from city center. It is one of China's top 12 busiest airports for passengers and cargo.
  • 2 regular train lines (relatively slow)
  • 1 bullet train line

Questions and Answers About Xiamen Facts

lily 2013-04-05
Show Answer
hey, hello im coming to the Xiamen University this year and i''m from Canadahow is the weather in xiamen? Can you suggest anything that I should bring like what type of clothing? I heard it also snows there

Hi Lily, when will you go to Xiamen,  please? You can check Xiamen weather via here: http://www.chinahighlights.com/xiamen/weather.htm

Or check the up to date weather information via this website: http://www.weather.com.cn/english/

Whitney Liao replied on 2013-04-07
Rheila Uy 2012-11-14
Show Answer
Hi. Im going to Xiamen with my mom, 68 years old and aunt, 58 years old, on Nov. 23 to 26, 2012. Please suggest a good itinerary for us....attractions/sites that we must see. We will be staying at the Millennium Harbourview Hotel. Please email me a tour package. Likewise, what clothing should we bring during this period? Thanks.
vijayakar.S 2012-07-05
Show Answer
yes coming to Xiamen on business and will require assistance which can be providedvijayakar
Dear Vijayakar, Thank you for your inquiry. My name is Doris Huang and I am a travel advisor. It is my pleasure to assist you. We are a professional travel agency specialized in China tour, and we can provide various kinds of tour service. We offer hotels(tourist/Deluxe/superior class), flights, trains booking service, tailor made tour service, and provide private guide or car. Please kindly tell us when and what kind of assistance you need. We will do our best to serve you. Doris Huang replied on 2012-07-06
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Hi, I'm Lynn Ye
I updated this article on March 28, 2012
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