Hulishan Fortress is a key national historical and cultural site. In August 2000, the Fortress was listed in the Guinness World Records for the year 2000. The Fortress, built in the 20th year of Emperor Guangxu's reign (1894), has more than 100 years of a gloomy history of rise and fall. The base of the fortress is made of a mixture of camphor tree sap, liquid brown sugar, glutinous rice, clay and sand, making it rather solid. The Fortress is composed of a barracks, a secret tunnel, a commanding tower, a sentry platform, an ammunition depot, a trench, a castle, and other structures. The rectangular castle, made of granite rocks, occupies 13,000 square meters. Xiamen was an ancient battlefield where its people resisted imperial aggressors, and it played an important role in resisting foreign aggressors. The Krupp Company of Germany purchased east and west emplacements of the Fortress, along with its two main cannons (only one remains). The length of the cannon is 13.13 meters and its weight is 50 tons. The caliber of the cannon is 280 mm and it has a maximum range of fire of 16,000 meters. The Fortress displays more than 50 iron cannons from the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty, unearthed from the Xiamen waters and the building site of capital construction. The east and west emplacements are connected by a tunnel, and military camps sit at the tunnel’s exits. As a coastal defense fortress, the Hulishan Fortress has a trench outside and a patrolling path inside.
In 1986, platforms of yearning for return are built toward the front of the Fortress. Through telescopes, tourists can see Dadan and Erdan Islands, which are under Jinmen’s jurisdiction. In recent years, the Fortress yard was cleaned up and large-scale wall carvings representing the “national soul” were built, demonstrating with profound artistic conception warehousing weapons, reviving military forces, and resisting strong enemies. “Rong Spring” was newly built on the left side of the wall carvings, quite a novel approach. Behind the wall carvings, a small garden with evergreen grass displays many sculptures and a golden ball cactus. A leisure and sightseeing pavilion built in a high place brings harmony to the environment and fits naturally with the surroundings. The Moonlight Rock scenic spot is opened up in the north of the small garden, along with a “dragon spring waterfalls,” “a line sky,” and “the poem wall of the Hulishan Fortress.”
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I updated this article on April 7, 2014
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