On arrival, tour the grottoes that spread just over half a mile (1 kilometer) from east to west. It's construction spanned 40 years in the 5th century.
Entrance of Yungang Grottoes
45 grottoes remained out of the original 53, and overall they contain 250 niches and 51,000 Buddhist statues with murals and frescoes which are all masterpiece of ancient Chinese carving art and embodiment of ancient people’s religious faith.
Huge Buddhist statue
Many niches on the Wall
Caves 5 and 6 in the middle part of the Yungang Grottoes are the most impressive. There is a 17-meter-tall Buddhist statue which is the largest in the Yungang Grottoes, and many precious sculptures telling the story of Sakyamuni.
The largest statue
Buddha statues and murals
Absorbing Indian Gandhara Buddhist art, the sculptures here developed traditional Chinese art melded with social features of the time. The style of the architecture highlights the features of Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534).
Architecture style of Northern Wei Dynasty
Good to Know:
- The Yungang Caves area is very large. Although you can take a battery car from the entrance to the site, you also need to walk a lot. Wearing a pair of comfortable shoes is recommended.
- Please be prepared to climb steps. All the steps are fenced safely and you can ascend them easily. Your experienced guide will take good care of you.