October 1st is the anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, and is celebrated as the National Holiday all over China.
On this day back in 1949, the Chinese people, under the leadership of Communist Party of China, declared victory in War of Liberation. A grand ceremony was held at Tian’anmen Square. At the ceremony, Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Central People's Government, solemnly declared the founding of P.R.C. and raised the first national flag of China in person. 300,000 soldiers and people gathered at the square for the grand parade and celebration procession.
In recent years, the Chinese Government has extended the National Day Holiday to one week, which was called the Golden Week. It is intended to help expand the domestic tourism market and allow people time to make long-distance family visits. This is one of three particular periods of greatly heightened travel activity.
When Mid-Autumn Festival occurs at the very end of September or early October it is combined usually combined with National Day holiday for a week-long holiday.