The October 1st National Day "golden week" is the biggest week for tourism in China, when people have a week off to reunite with families and take trips.
Generally it's fixed at October 1–7 with adjacent weekend days being mandatory workdays to make up for lost time.
If the Mid-Autumn Festival holiday falls within this period, as it does in about one out of five years, the holiday period generally gets a day or two longer.
On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was inaugurated. An official victory celebration and ceremony was held in Tian’anmen Square. Mao Zedong raised the first Communist national flag of China in person amid 300,000 soldiers and other people who were gathered at the square.
In recent years, the National Day holidays were extended to one week. It is like the US 4th of July holidays, but it is much longer.
Tian’anmen Square: On October 1, there is a special flag raising ceremony. The square is decorated festively with flags and portraits. Exactly at sunrise, uniformed troops march out to start the flag raising ceremony.
To watch it, you'll need to get there at least about 10 minutes before then. The entire ceremony lasts only 3 minutes. Sometimes crowds of thousands are there on October 1, but sometimes in bad weather, only a small crowd gathers.
To get into the plaza, you have to go through a security check. Your baggage will be checked, and it is best to bring little with you.
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