Chaozhou is one of the historical and cultural cities of China. It is on the coast, in the eastern part of Guangdong Province that is in the southeast corner of China. Hong Kong is adjacent to Guangdong Province and is to the south. It is now a medium sized city with a population of about 2.5 million people. The area under the Chaozhou government's administration is about 3,500 square kilometers. It is said that about 2 million people from Chaozhou live abroad in Taiwan and other countries, or are living in Hong Kong and Macau. It is a six hour bus journey (about 480 kilometers）from the capital city of Guangdong Province that is called Guangzhou. The area has some ancient buildings and scenic highlights.
Chaozhou City is surrounded by three mountains, and the Han River and Huanggang River flow through the city area. There are mountains in the northeast, caves in the southwest, and a plain in the southeast. In Chaozhou city, there are hundreds of scenic areas such as ancient walls, ancient temples, ancient bridges and ancient pagodas. This is why Chaozhou City is considered to be a historical city. The ethnic group came from central China more than a thousand years ago, and the area was sort of isolated and had contact with cultures off the mainland, so they developed a distinct language dialect and distinctive art forms. So this is why it is also considered to be a city of cultural origin in China. The area developed its own style of operatic theatre, its own tea ceremony and "Kongfu Tea", and its own ceramic styles. There is an old saying: "If you haven't come to Chaozhou, you haven't really come to Guangdong".
The area of the city has never been important politically in China as a whole, but it was important as a coastal port and a merchant's community. It is also the place of origin of about 10 million of the Chinese diaspora. It is thought that the people migrated from north-central China during the Jin Dynasty period about 1,600 years years ago due to warfare. Their language is akin to the dialect in that region as are their customs. It is thought that the people group retained their language and culture because they were geographically isolated. These people also retained art forms such as the Nanxi opera style of the Song Dynasty that they embellished over the last thousand years.
In the 1940s and 1950s, a large number of people from the area moved to Hong Kong or Taiwan, and they formed close-knit communities. In Hong Kong, unlike most people, they didn't speak Cantonese, but spoke their own Teochew dialect. They opened small shops in Hong Kong and blended in. There are also large Teochew communities in Indonesia and Singapore.
The city shared in the fast economic growth of Guangdong and the coastal cities in China in the past decade.
Chaozhou is in the eastern part of Guangdong Province on the coast, so it has a maritime subtropical monsoon climate. Temperatures in July and August are higher than in other months. The annual mean temperature is about 21 degrees. There is abundant rainfall, and except for typhoons, the weather is generally mild. The coldest months are December, January, and February. It doesn't freeze, and most trees are green throughout the year. The best time to travel may be in September, October and November when it is cooler and sunnier.