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An important invention of the ancient Chinese people was that of a fine, delicate material known as porcelain. It isn't one of the most famous inventions to come out of ancient China, such as gunpowder or printing, but porcelain was still one of the main exports in Chinese history.
Today, it is a popular souvenir for tourists and can be found in many markets and specialty stores throughout China.
The porcelain developed in China consists of a well vitrified ceramic. This ceramic is usually composed of a type of clay called kaolin. It can include ingredients such as: glass, bone, ash, quartz, and alabaster. Porcelain can withstand temperature changes, and it will last for generations with care.
There were many uses for the durable and beautiful material known as porcelain. While today we have many materials at our disposal for creating necessary items, in the ancient world porcelain was a necessity. It was used to create cups, plates, and other useful items for everyday use. It was also used to create decorative statues and ornate trinkets for the higher classes.
Ever since the first pieces of porcelain were imported by traders to the western world, it has been unique associated with its land of origin. The name comes from the fact that the Chinese were the sole producers of such porcelain in the ancient world. The most prized porcelain often featured what people at the time would call exotic scenes of life in China and traditional patterns. This strong tie to Chinese culture ensure the name would stick throughout history.
Porcelain first appeared in the Shang Dynasty (c.1600-1046 BCE). Its production continued to be an important national art all the way up until the Qing Dynasty (1644 -1912), the last imperial Chinese dynasty. The complete history of porcelain in China and the world is one of interest to history buffs, lovers of culture, and anyone with an interest in visiting China for themselves.
Nowadays, you can visit the ancient centers of porcelain making and buy souvenirs or prized collectables to take home with you. Mainland China and Hong Kong offer many museums and shops where you can view and buy ancient antique porcelain and porcelain artwork.
Aside from viewing the major collections in places like The Forbidden City, there are also markets devoted specifically to selling Chinese porcelain.
The Chinese art of porcelain making is considered with national pride to this day. In western nations, the material is often referred to simply as "China" due to its close connection to those who invented it.
There are different grades of porcelain, which is something to keep in mind when purchasing. The higher quality porcelains made in China are fired longer or more often than lower grades. The best Chinese porcelain is valued for its durability, thinness, and bright, colorful artwork.
In contrast, Japanese porcelain was generally thicker, had stilt marks or tiny bubbles on the underside of the pieces, and was often blandly colored. Chinese porcelain was known to be more artistic in nature and was prized over the Japanese varieties by foreign buyers.
Jingdezhen, Quanzhou, and Foshan in Guangdong, and Hong Kong are excellent places to go if you have an interest in viewing and/or buying authentic and high grade Chinese porcelain.
Jingdezhen is still China’s “porcelain capital,” and you can join one of our tours. The Jingdezhen Ceramics Museum has one of the world’s best collections of ancient porcelain. Some of the Yuan, Ming, and Qing porcelains are national treasures. Modern pieces are available for sale, and you might be able to watch masters at work.
Special products of the city include the white and blue 青花瓷 Qinghua Ci /ching-hwah tsuh/ and the rose porcelain 薄胎瓷 Botai Ci /bor-teye tsuh/.
Quanzhou is known for the 德化瓷器 Dehua Ciqi /der-hwah tsuh-chee/ that became popular in the Ming era. A great place to go there is the Quanzhou Tourism Shopping Center 泉州旅游购物中心 near 涂门街附近. Let us take you on a tour of the porcelain attractions and sites, and other highlights of this ancient city.
Let us help you tour the town of Shiwan石湾 (shíwān) and the 500 year old Nanfeng Kiln.
Hong Kong isn’t known for being a porcelain center, but there are two fine museums where you can go and see a representative selection of antique pieces from the various dynastic eras. The artwork is beautiful in its composition, exotic patterning, and coloring.