Luoyang was said to be a capital city for the Xia Dynasty in 2070 BC. The area had a capital city of the Shang Empire, Western Zhou Empire, Eastern Zhou Empire, Eastern Han Empire, Wei Empire, Jin Empire, Northern Wei Empire, Tang Empire, the Northern Song Empire, and several minor countries.
510 BC The Eastern Zhou Dynasty established their capital on the site.
25 AD The city became the capital of the Eastern Han Empire.
68 One of the first known Buddhist temples of the Han era, White Horse Temple, was built in Luoyang.
493 The Northern Wei Dynasty established it as their capital city.
493 People started to build the Longmen Grottoes.
904 Luoyang became the secondary capital of the Tang Empire.
2000 The Longmen Grottoes were included in the UNESCO heritage list.
Significance of the town: The city is at the confluence of the Luo River and Yi River, and this spot was once considered the center of the land. It was the capital or co-capital of many empires.