Shanghai Facts

oriental pearl tv tower

Name: Shanghai (上海; Shànghǎi (/shang-hi/)
Meaning: "On the sea"
Previous names: Songhu, Huating


  • China's largest city
  • The finance and cultural center
  • Downtown nightlife and night lights
  • Former International Settlement attractions

Main Attractions

Most Popular Souvenirs and Local Products

Silk, Antiques, Porcelain, Silverware, Chinese Painting and Calligraphy


A major ocean port city on the Yangtze River

  • 1074 Status of Shanghai upgraded from a village to a market town
  • 1735 Shanghai became the foremost trade port on the Yangtze River
  • 1843 Shanghai became a foreign treaty concession
  • 1854 British-controlled Shanghai Municipal Council founded
  • 1937 Japanese army occupies most of Shanghai
  • 1991 Economic reforms began to revitalize Shanghai
  • 2010 Shanghai World Expo


  • Significance of city: China's largest city, financial and business center, cultural center, center for Yangtze River Basin and international shipping, world's biggest container port
  • Nearby cities: Hangzhou (165 km/102 mi), Ningbo (151 km/94 mi), Suzhou (120 km/75 mi), Nanjing (270 km/168 mi)
  • Municipality terrain: Yangtze River Delta, Huangpu River and East China Sea; mostly flat alluvial plain
  • Average altitude: 4.5 (13 feet)
  • Main rivers: Yangtze River, Huangpu River

Location Information

  • Municipality location: 30.42N to 31.52N, 120.52E to 121.58E, East China
  • Municipality Population: 23,000,000
  • Municipality Area: 6,218 sq km (2,401 sq mi)
  • Core districts and inner suburbs area: 3,000 sq km (1,860 sq mi)
  • City proper population: 7,000,000
  • City proper population density: 24,100/sq km (63,000/sq mi)
  • North to south distance (including suburbs): 75 km (47 mi)
  • East to west distance (including suburbs): 80 km (50 mi)
  • City center: People's Square (31.23N, 121.476E), between Shanghai Museum and Shanghai Municipal Government


  • Highest temperature: 40.2 °C (104 °F)
  • Lowest temperature: -12.1 °C (10 °F)
  • Humid subtropical, annual precipitation: 1,164.7 mm (45.8 in)
  • Known for freak thunderstorms and four seasons.



Facts of major cities and attractions in China

Questions and Answers About Shanghai Facts

Lisa Arnold 2013-02-04
Show Answer
Is there any way to get a tour of or a view of the working port of Shanghai?Can one visit the Shanghai stock exchange.Just questions. I am working with Michael b ut he is off on holiday.
Hi Lisa, I just talked to our agent in Shanghai and found that we are unable to arrange a port tour for you in Shanghai. But it should not be a problem for you to see a stock exchange. Michael Hu replied on 2013-02-05
Fran 2012-11-07
Show Answer
Will be visiting shanghai in march/April with my mum who will be 90 yrs my question is I have looked at the softitel hotel but un sure as a number of reviews talk about the rooms although non smoking you can still smell it in the hallways as I suffer from asthma and smoking is my worst trigger for a attack I am unsure this hotel is a good location for my mum

Hi Fran,

This is Sammi.

Are you looking at Sofitel Hyland Shanghai? This hotel has perfect location, close to everything in the downtown area, however the hotel facility is kind of old. Our mainly recommended hotel in Shanghai is Radisson Shanghai New World Hotel.

The Radisson Shanghai New World in Shanghai, China, is a centrally located hotel convenient to numerous Shanghai sites, notably the Bund, the city's waterfront boulevard, and the People's Park. Shanghai museums and the Oriental Pearl TV Tower are also nearby. Pu Dong Airport is 35 kilometers away. The hotel is connected to the SEGA World Entertainment Centre, an IMAX cinema and movie complex, and the 10-story New World shopping emporium. 

If you want to book the hotel, please check it here:


Sammi Dai replied on 2012-11-08
April Offer $25 Coupon
  1. Send your inquiry before Apr. 30, 2014, and we will email you a $25 coupon.
  2. The coupon is valid till Dec. 31, 2014, for paying tour packages worth $250 or up.
  3. The coupon cannot be used for paying flight tickets, train tickets, hotel rooms and day trips.
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Hi, I'm Lynn Ye
I updated this article on February 19, 2014
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