Name: Ancient Palace
(故宫; Gùgōng /goo-ghong/)Meaning:
‘former palace’Previous names:
Zijin Cheng ('Purple Forbidden City')
- It is the world's biggest ancient palace.
- It is considered to be among the world's top 5 most important palaces.
- China's most popular single site tourist attraction.
- The structure is almost 600 years old.
- Home of dynastic clans for 500 years.
- A million articles are considered national heritage.
- 1987 UNESCO World Heritage List
- The largest collection of ancient wooden structures in the world.
- A stunning array of ancient treasures and buildings: with ancient porcelain and jade, gardens, plazas, historic sites, and 9,999 rooms
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One Day Beijing Forbidden City Tour from US $27 p/p (based on travel party of 2-3 persons)
- 1406 Construction began on the Ming Dynasty palace in Beijing
- 1420The palace complex was completed.
- 1644 The Ming Dynasty lost control of the palace and the Manchus took possession.
- 1860 and 1900 Western forces briefly took control of the palace on two occasions.
- 1912 The last emperor of the Qing Empire abdicated.
- 1947 An important part of the palace's antiques and treasures were taken to Taiwan.
- 1987 The complex was named a UNESCO World Heritage.
- Original Purpose: A palace compound to protect and serve the Ming Dynasty clan.
- Significance: The palace complex was the center of two empires and is considered the symbol of China. Now it's Beijing's most popular tourist attraction.
- Location: in the center of modern Beijing (39.92N, 116.40E)
Surrounding wall of Forbidden City
- Rooms: 9,999 including anterooms
- Buildings: 980
- Total surface area: 720,000 square meters (7,747,200 square feet / 180 acres). For comparison, the Vatican measures 440,000 square meters, and the Kremlin measures 275,000 square meters.
- Surrounding wall: 7.9 meters (26 ft) high and 8.62 m (28.3 ft) wide at the base.
- Moat outside the walls: 6 meters (20 ft) deep and 52 meters (171 ft) wide
- Largest structure: The Hall of Supreme Harmony is 30 meters (98 ft) tall.
- Distance between east gate and west gate: 750 m
- Distance between north and south gate: 960 m
- Eunuchs:At one time, 9,000 eunuchs lived there.
- Laborers: 200,000 - 1 million laborers and artisans constructed the complex.
- Emperors: altogether, 24 emperors lived there.
- Ticket Price: ~60 RMB (9.44 USD) and ~20 RMB for an English audio tour
- Nearby Shopping Street: WangFujing Street
- Beijing Capital International Airport is the busiest in Asia. It is 26 km from the attraction.
- Subway: Take Metro Line 1 to Tian'anmen West or Tian'anmen East or Metro Line 2 and get off at Qianmen Station
- Bus: Tourist Bus 1 or 5