Home China Guide The Great Wall of China Best Sections to Visit The Huanghuacheng Section — the “Lakeside Great Wall”

The Huanghuacheng Section — the “Lakeside Great Wall”

Huanghuacheng's Great Wall area is a beautiful tourist spot, combining mountains, lakes, and ancient Great Wall of legendary solidity. It is the latest section to become popular with hikers. It provides a challenge for hikers because the paths are steep and out of repair.

huanghuacheng great wall

Important Facts You Should Know

  • Chinese name: 黄花城 Huánghuāchéng /hwung-hwaa-chnng/ 'Yellow Flower City'
  • Location: Jiuduhe Town, Huairou District of Beijing City; 70 km (43 mi) north of Central Beijing
  • Restoration: Most parts have been restored, with a few wild parts.
  • History: The construction lasted 188 years, from 1404 to 1592.
  • Length: 13 km (8 mi)
  • Activities: Hiking, boating
  • Opening hours: 8am–5pm (weekdays), 7:30am–5:30pm (weekends)
  • Eating: At farmhouses
  • Features: a wild original section, a restored section mainly made of big stone slabs, three sections immersed in water

Huanghuacheng's Purpose: To Protect Emperors — Alive and Dead!

huanghuacheng lakeside great wall reserve

To enhance the defense of the northern border, the emperors of the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) built an outer Great Wall and an inner Great Wall. The Huanghuacheng section is part of the inner Great Wall that connects the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall in the east, via Jiankou, and Juyong Pass in the west.

Also to protect the mausoleum: After Emperor Yongle began his reign in the capital Beijing, he built a mausoleum at Tianshou Hill, south of Huanghua Town. Therefore, Huanghuacheng's Great Wall is not only to defend Beijing, but also a wall to protect the mausoleum (which later became the Ming Tombs). It is "the essence of the Ming Dynasty Great Wall".

The "Lakeside Great Wall" — More-Varied Scenery/Activities

Less-Traveled, But More to Do…

Huanghuacheng section is an uncrowded section. You can experience different activities like taking a boat on the lake to appreciate the Great Wall on the surrounding mountains. You can hike around the lake and across the dam instead of climbing the mountains.

Beautiful Lakeside Scenery

huanghuacheng lakeside great wall reserveBeautiful Lakeside Scenery

The Great Wall at Huanghuacheng is surrounded by mountains with verdant vegetation, lots of flowers, and other seasonal beauty. During summer the countryside around Huanghuacheng's Great Wall is swathed in yellow, as masses of wild flowers come into bloom.

The Huanghuacheng wall is divided by reservoirs, and some parts are even immersed in the water, which is a very unique characteristic, distinguishing it from other sections of the Great Wall.

Original Great Wall, Steep Climbs, Great Views

This section's wild wall is pristine, and hasn't been repaired like the Badaling Section. Its stone rebuilt section is not as magnificent as the restored Mutianyu Section, but it retains its original composition from when it was built. And then there's the underwater wall that nowhere else has…

Some stairs are very steep, but you will be satisfied with the achievement and the scenery when you climb to the top.   

How to Get to Huanghuacheng

For Bus Riders

Route 1: Go to Dongzhimen (东直门) by bus 24, 106, 107, 123, 132, 206, etc.; or subway line 2, 13, or the Airport Express Line. Take Bus 916 from Dongzhimen to Huairou Town (怀柔汽车站), and then the'Huairou–Waterside-Great-Wall Direct Bus' (怀柔–水长城专线车, a blue minibus) to Huanghuacheng.

Route 2: Take the Changping–Jiuduhe (昌平–九渡河) Bus at Changping Long-Distance Coach Station (昌平长途汽车站) or Changping's Changling Intersection (长陵路口) to Jiuduhe Filling Station (九渡河加油站), then  the'Huairou–Waterside-Great-Wall Direct Bus' as above.

China Highlights' Private Transfer Service

China highlights driverChina Highlights private transport

China Highlights offers private chauffeured transport as a more comfortable and convenient alternative to public transportation. Our private tours come with a private vehicle and driver suited to your group size, and an English-speaking tour guide for all your communication needs.

Accommodation and Restaurants

The nearest restaurants are small local ones in the valley bottom, in villages just outside the tourist area. The nearest hotels are in Changping or half the way from Huairou.

(Because there are reservoirs, it's a "water-source conservation area", so no hotels and restaurants are allowed to be built in the catchment.)

huanghuacheng lakeside great wall reserve

Metal Soup Great Wall - Firm and Solid

Chinese: Jintang Changcheng (金汤长城 /jin-taang chaang-chnng/ 'metal soup Great Wall', meaning firm and solid Great Wall).

While one nearby reservoir is called Huanghuacheng Reservoir, the name of its nearby village is Jintang Village.

The Story of the "Metal Soup Great Wall"

A general named Cai Kai, who led the construction of Huanghuacheng Great Wall, was beheaded after completion of his task, because the emperor mistakenly believed other ministers' lies that his job was sloppy. But when a survey report, stating that the walls were solid, steep, and exemplified the finest workmanship, reached the emperor, the emperor realized that he had misjudged General Cai Kai.

The emperor ordered a tomb and memorial stele to be erected in honor of the loyal general. He also had the characters 金汤 inscribed on the face of a huge rock below. the wall.

The Most Popular Great Wall Tour to Huanghuacheng

huanghuacheng lakeside great wall reserveHike on Huanghuacheng Section

Nearby Attractions

More Great Wall Topics You May Want to Read