Name: Guangzhou (广州; Guǎngzhōu (/guang-zhou/)
Meaning: 'broad prefecture'
Previous names: Panyu, Canton
Most popular food: dim sum
This has long been one of China's richest trading cities.
Guangzhou is a base for foreign merchants and traders.
Canton Import and Export Fair (: held twice every year; it is the largest and most comprehensive trade fair in China.
Ancient: Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Huaisheng Mosque, The Chen Clan Academy, Sacred Heart Cathedral, Temple of the Six Banyan Trees, Kaiping Towers and villages,
Modern: Canton Tower, Guangzhou Opera House, Guangdong Provincial Museum, Shamian Island
Nature: White Clouds Mountain, Nanling National Forest Park,
Amusement: Yuexiu Park, night cruise on Pearl River, Guangzhou Zoo, Guangzhou Chimelong Holiday Resort,
dim sum, soup
Most famous food:
Chinese embroidery, jade sculpture and jewelry, Wang Lao Ji (popular beverage), electronics goods, clothing
Most popular souvenirs and local products:
Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hall
The city has been a provincial capital city since the Han Empire era 2,200 years ago and a major trading port since about the year 226.
206 BC The area became the capital of the Nanyue Kingdom.
111 BC Panyu became a provincial capital of
the Han Dynasty.
the Qing Dynasty, Canton became the biggest international trading port in the country.
1841 The British Empire captured Canton.
1938 The Empire of Japan conquered the city.
1949 The Communists conquered the city.
Significance of city: international merchants center; China's third largest city
Nearby cities: Dongguan (50 km/31 mi), Shenzhen (244 km/152 mi), Hong Kong (134 km/84 mi)
Municipality terrain: Pearl River Delta and low mountains with the South China Sea as the southern boundary
Average altitude: 21 meters (68 feet)
Main rivers: Pearl River
Municipality location: 22.26N to 23.56N, 112.57E to 114.03E, in southeastern China
Municipality Population: 12,700,000
Municipality Area: 7,434 sq km (2,870 sq mi)
Urban area: 3,843 sq km (1,484 sq mi)
Urban population: 11,000,000
Urban population density: 2,862/sq km
City center: Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (23.13N, 113.36E), in Yuexiu District
Shimen National Forest Park
Average highest temperature in 32.8 °C (90.9 °F)
Average lowest temperature in 10.3 °C (50.5 °F)
Humid subtropical climate with annual monsoons from 1,735 mm (68.3 in). There is a sudden onset of the monsoon season involving rainfall and a change of temperature each spring.
April to September; annual precipitation:
Average annual income: (2008) 89,498 RMB (13,111 USD)
Development: developed; the per capita income is among the highest of China's large cities. It is an electronics and clothing manufacture center and a trade hub for international merchants.
CBD: Tianhe East Train Station (23.15 N, 113.33 E)
: Beijing Lu Pedestrian Street, Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street, Tee Mall