The Great Wall, China's legendary defense line, is the country's number one historic monument and a national symbol.
Although the vast majority of the remaining sections of the Great Wall were erected during the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall represents a collective effort of millions of people from many of China's imperial dynasties and pre-imperial states, dating back to over 2500 years ago. See Great Wall History
In the last century, due to various environmental reasons and human activities, about one million square kilometers (400, 000 sq miles) of land from Xinjiang to the Songneng Plains are changing from arable land into desert. This trend has led to rapid erosion and burial of the Great Wall. Also, large parts of the ancient wall, beacon towers and watchtowers have been damaged or dismantled by the uncontrolled activities of local people and developers.
To prevent further loss of the architectural wonder and cultural heritage of the Great Wall, many people suggest that the Chinese government educate about the importance of preserving the Great Wall and enact laws to protect it. Below are a number of steps that the Chinese government has taken and some suggestions for individuals to consider:
Laws enacted to protect the Great Wall from further damage.
Funding for wall protection, restoration and maintenance.
Plant trees to keep the areas protected from erosion.
Don't litter and graffiti / remove trash and graffiti to keep the wall looking attractive.
When visiting the Great Wall, do not leave behind anything besides your footsteps and take away nothing more than your memories.
There is no easy answer, because over the dynasties the Great Wall has been eroded, built, rebuilt and extended many times. It was over 6,000 km (3,700 miles) long. Read more
The first parts of the Great Wall were built in the 7th Century BC when China was still divided into many small states. Read more>>
Over the years, dozens of world celebrities have left their foot steps on the Great Wall. Read more
The Great Wall offers a timeless charm to tourists, but scenery varies with the seasons. Visit in a different season and you will get a quite different experience. Read more