Wuzhen Ancient Town
Name: Hangzhou (杭州; Hángzhōu /hung-zhow/)
Meaning: "Hang prefecture", Hang is a surname.
Previous names: Qiantang Country, Xifu, Linan
Famous legend: Marco Polo called Hangzhou: "without doubt the finest and most splendid city the world."
It is the prosperous and relatively clean capital of
Inland port city at the southern tip of the Grand Canal and near
the Yangtze River
It was the capital of the technologically advanced Southern Song Empire.
Has been one of China's most prosperous cities for a thousand years.
West Lake and ancient architectural sites of the past dynasties are attractions.
West Lake now is a new UNESCO World Heritage area.
Qinghefang Pedestrian Street
Ancient: Mount Putuo, Lingyin Temple, Xitang Ancient Water Town, Wuzhen Ancient Village, Qinghefang Pedestrian Street
Scenic: West Lake, Moganshan Scenic Area, Nanxi River, Thousand Islets Lake
Museum: Hangzhou National Tea Museum
Most popular souvenirs and local products : silk, silk clothing, pearl jewelry, Chinese painting and calligraphy, Chinese teas
Most popular local food : West Lake Fish in Sweet and Sour Sauce, Shallot Stuffed Pancakes
The Grand Canal made
Hangzhou a large and relatively wealthy port city on the Yangtze River near the sea. It has long been an imperial capital or a provincial capital.
609 The expansionist but short-lived Sui Empire constructed the Grand Canal to its full length, and this allowed for economical trade and travel all the way to Beijing far to the north.
1123 The Song Empire was defeated by the Jin Empire north of the Yangtze River, and Hangzhou became the capital city of the Southern Song Empire.
1123 - 1276 As the capital city of the Southern Song Empire, Hangzhou became perhaps the largest and wealthiest city in the world.
1276 The Mongol Empire conquered Hangzhou, and under their rule, Hangzhou prospered once again.
1500s During the Ming Dynasty era, Hangzhou's port gradually filled with silt, and the city lost its prominence as a principal merchants' city.
2000-2011 Hangzhou became known as the wealthiest of the smaller big cities in China (main urban population less than 5 million).
2011 The "West Lake Cultural Landscape" was entered into the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Significance of the city: Hangzhou is known for the high level of education, advanced technology industries, comparative wealth, its cleaner environment, and the West Lake scenic area.
Municipality population: 8,700,000
Municipality area: 16,847 sq km (6,505 sq mi)
Municipality population density: 1,214/sq km (3,143/sq mi)
Nearby cities: Shanghai (165 km/102 mi), Suzhou (117 km/72 mi), Huangshan (183 km/113 mi)
Municipality terrain: the city is in the Yangtze River basin plain south of the Yangtze River.
Main rivers: Qiantang River
Municipality location: 30.25N, 120.21E; East China.
North to south distance of main urban area: 26 km (17 mi)
East to west distance of main urban area: 13 km (8 mi)
Annual average low temperature in : 1.5 °C (34.7 °F)
Annual average high temperature in 32 °C (91.4 °F)
Humid subtropical climate; annual precipitation: 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
Humid subtropical climate with four distinct seasons and occasional snow in the winters.
Average annual income: RMB 68,398 (10,103 USD)
Development: highly developed. It is already the wealthiest of the medium-sized cities, and the economy has been growing relatively quickly. The city is a center for manufacturing for multinational companies.
Industry: 47% tertiary industry (tourist industry, financial services), 50% secondary (electronics manufacturing, software), 3% primary (agriculture)
CBD: Hangzhou Qianjiang CBD (30.25N, 120.21E)
Shopping Streets: Hefang Street, Yanan Road
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