Name: Hangzhou (杭州; Hángzhōu /hung-zhow/)
Meaning: "Hang prefecture", Hang is a surname.
Previous names: Qiantang Country, Xifu, Linan
Famous legend: Marco Polo called Hangzhou: "without doubt the finest and most splendid city the world."
- It is the prosperous and relatively clean capital of Zhejiang Province.
- Inland port city at the southern tip of the Grand Canal and near the Yangtze River
- It was the capital of the technologically advanced Southern Song Empire.
- Has been one of China's most prosperous cities for a thousand years.
- West Lake and ancient architectural sites of the past dynasties are attractions.
- West Lake now is a new UNESCO World Heritage area.
- Ancient: Mount Putuo, Lingyin Temple, Xitang Ancient Water Town, Wuzhen Ancient Village, Qinghefang Pedestrian Street
- Scenic: West Lake, Moganshan Scenic Area, Nanxi River, Thousand Islets Lake
- Museum: Hangzhou National Tea Museum
- Most popular souvenirs and local products: silk, silk clothing, pearl jewelry, Chinese painting and calligraphy, Chinese teas
- Most popular local food: West Lake Fish in Sweet and Sour Sauce, Shallot Stuffed Pancakes
- 609 The expansionist but short-lived Sui Empire constructed the Grand Canal to its full length, and this allowed for economical trade and travel all the way to Beijing far to the north.
- 1123 The Song Empire was defeated by the Jin Empire north of the Yangtze River, and Hangzhou became the capital city of the Southern Song Empire.
- 1123 - 1276 As the capital city of the Southern Song Empire, Hangzhou became perhaps the largest and wealthiest city in the world.
- 1276 The Mongol Empire conquered Hangzhou, and under their rule, Hangzhou prospered once again.
- 1500s During the Ming Dynasty era, Hangzhou's port gradually filled with silt, and the city lost its prominence as a principal merchants' city.
- 2000-2011 Hangzhou became known as the wealthiest of the smaller big cities in China (main urban population less than 5 million).
- 2011 The "West Lake Cultural Landscape" was entered into the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- Significance of the city: Hangzhou is known for the high level of education, advanced technology industries, comparative wealth, its cleaner environment, and the West Lake scenic area.
- Municipality population: 8,700,000
- Municipality area: 16,847 sq km (6,505 sq mi)
- Municipality population density: 1,214/sq km (3,143/sq mi)
- Nearby cities: Shanghai (165 km/102 mi), Suzhou (117 km/72 mi), Huangshan (183 km/113 mi)
- Municipality terrain: the city is in the Yangtze River basin plain south of the Yangtze River.
- Main rivers: Qiantang River
- Municipality location: 30.25N, 120.21E; East China.
- North to south distance of main urban area: 26 km (17 mi)
- East to west distance of main urban area: 13 km (8 mi)
- Annual average low temperature in January: 1.5 °C (34.7 °F)
- Annual average high temperature in July: 32 °C (91.4 °F)
- Humid subtropical climate; annual precipitation: 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
- Humid subtropical climate with four distinct seasons and occasional snow in the winters.
- Average annual income: RMB 68,398 (10,103 USD)
- Development: highly developed. It is already the wealthiest of the medium-sized cities, and the economy has been growing relatively quickly. The city is a center for manufacturing for multinational companies.
- Industry: 47% tertiary industry (tourist industry, financial services), 50% secondary (electronics manufacturing, software), 3% primary (agriculture)
- CBD: Hangzhou Qianjiang CBD (30.25N, 120.21E)
- Shopping Streets: Hefang Street, Yanan Road
- Xiaoshan International Airport is about 27 kilometers (17 miles) from downtown Hangzhou and is about China's eighth busiest airport.
- 2 bullet train lines to Shanghai (45 minutes to 1 hour or 1.5 hours (slower)
- 3 train stations
- The Hangzhou East Railway Station will officially open in 2012 and is one of biggest in the country. It will handle 30 different train lines (the most of any station in the country).
- A subway line is expected to open in 2012.