It is on the central China plain and on the Yangtze River. In the late 19th century, it was the most prosperous city in the central part of the country. Now it is a cultural and educational center and a transportation hub.
223 Walls were built around the town of Wuchang.
1911 The Wuchang Uprising occurred, and this was the beginning of the revolt to topple the Qing Empire.
1927 Hankou, Wuchang and Hanyang were merged to form the city of Wuhan.
1938 The Japanese army captured the city and made it a major military base.
Significance of city: It is on the central China plain on the Yangtze River. It was the most prosperous city in central China in the late 19th century, and now it is known as the political, economic, financial, cultural, educational and transportation center of central China.
Municipality terrain: The city is on the eastern side of the broad Jianghan Plain and the confluence of the Yangtze River and the navigable Hanshui River.
Average altitude: 23.3 meters (76 feet)
Main rivers: Yangtze River, Hanshui River
City location: 30.35N, 114.17E, in eastern China
Municipality Population: 9,785,000
Municipality Area: 8,494 sq km (3,279 sq mi)
Population density: 1,152/sq km (2,984/sq mi)
Average highest temperature in July: 33 °C (91.4 °F)
Average lowest temperature in January: 0 °C (32 °F)
Humid subtropical climate with four seasons; annual precipitation: 1,269 mm (50 in)
Average annual income: ~64,000 RMB (~9,275 USD)
Development: developing; there is rapid real estate development. Wuhan developed as a heavy industry center, but the presence of some of China's best research institutions and universities gives the city the potential to be a high technology and electronics leader.