The Jiaoshan (Horn Peak) Great Wall stands 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) north of the Shanhai Pass, the easternmost pass through the main section of the Great Wall. It is named after Jiaoshan, which is the highest peak (519 meters or 1703 ft tall) to the north of the Shanhaiguan Pass. Though relatively diminutive in size, this is the first actual mountain the Great Wall passes heading west, and so is known as "the first mountain of the Great Wall."
The Jiaoshan Great Wall not only holds an important strategic position of the Shanhai Pass, but also boasts lots of scenic spots. Nowadays, it has been developed into a beautiful scenic area with ancient great wall, mountains and temples.
History: It was built during the reign of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang (1328-1398) of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Dimensions: The Jiaoshan Great Wall extends about 1,500 meters (932 miles) long, from Hanmen Pass at the foot of the mountain to Dapingding (Big Flat Peak) , which is the highest point. There are 3 watch towers and 4 beacon towers. This section was built with local quarried rocks and bricks. The height of the wall ranges from 7 to 10 meters (23 to 33 ft), following the contours of the mountain itself, and the average width is 4 to 5 meters, although at one point it narrows to just 2.7 meters.
Sights: The biggest watch tower is on the summit of Jiaoshan. The two-story structure is built in four sections, with the top forming a rough square 10.4 meters by 10.2 meters. Along the top are watch holes and embrasures for shooting arrows. It is an ideal place to watch sunrise.
Qixian Temple nestled inside the Jiaoshan Great Wall is a wood and brick structure built on cliffs. The temple has an extraordinary and unique sight. When the mountain has a rainy weather, it is sunny at the temple, while sometimes when it rains inside the temple, the mountain is enjoying sunshine.
When to go
The scenery of the Great Wall varies with the seasons and each season has its pros and cons. Click here for what you can expect on the Great Wall.
Jiaoshan is located 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) north of the Shanhai Pass in Qinhuangdao City, which is nearly 300 km (186 miles) east of Beijing. China Highlights use high-quality air-conditioned private transport to take the hassle out of getting to the wall.
What to Wear
Dress for hiking and dress for the weather. Choose comfortable footwear with good grip and support for the feet. Layers of clothes that can be taken on and off allow for greater comfort and temperature control.
Wear/bring sun protection in the summer and dress for sub zero temperatures in the winter. It can feel much colder on the wall than down in the valleys because of altitude and exposure.
What to Bring
Bring breathable waterproofs for protection from rain and wind. Umbrellas may be used here as the ascents and descents are not difficult, but may be inconvenient in strong winds. Bring a camera and money for souvenirs and refreshments. Bring snacks and water if you want to walk a long portion of the wall.
Walking consitions at the Jiaoshan Great Wall poses no significant risks because it is well preserved and and paved. However at some points there are very steep steps and there is not any climbing aid facilities available.
Nearby Attractions: Shanhai Pass, Beidaihe Scenic Area
If you want to see more of the Great Wall near Beijing, see here for a list of the sections.
There are also many attractions to see in Beijing City or Qinhuangdao City.