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Urumqi is the capital city. The transportation linking Urumqi with other China’s big cities is very convenient: air transport and train transport are both available. Coach transport is mostly used for the transportation between Urumqi and other districts in Xinjiang.
Urumqi International Airport (地窝堡机场) is one of the most important airports in West China. The airport has 113 air lines, including 99 domestic air lines (to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hong Kong, Xi’an, etc.) and 24 international air ines (to Islamabad, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Alma-Ata, Bishkek, etc.).
Xinjiang has vast area. Several regional airlines connecting Urumqi with other tourist destinations within Xinjiang are also available, including flights to Korla, Kuqa, Aksu, Kashgar, Heitan, and Yining.
The airport is about 17 kilometers (about a half drive) from Urumqi City. Visitors can either take a bus or take a taxi to the airport.
Bus 51 or bus 27 is also available. The operation time is from 07:30 to 23:30, and the price is only 1 yuan. However, the buses only arrive at the gate of the airport, so passengers need to walk about 10 minutes to get to the terminal building. The entire journey takes about 2 hours.
Taking a taxi to the airport from Urumqi urban area coats about 30 yuan, and 5 yuan is needed for parking at the airport. Many taxi drivers at the airport refuse to turn on the meter. China Highlights suggests passengers not take a taxi unless the driver agrees to meter.
Urumqi has two railway stations: Urumqi Railway Station (the former Urumqi South Railway Station) and Urumqi West Railway Station.
At present, Urumqi is linked with 11 domestic cities by railway, including Xi’an, Hangzhou, Beijing (Beijing West Railway Station), Shanghai, Wuhan (Hankou Railway Station), Chengdu, Lanzhou, Chongqing (Chongqing North Railway Station), and Zhengzhou.
Urumqi Railway Station is located in Qingfeng Road (青风路), operating trains to northern Xinjiang area. You can take BRT1, or take bus 10, 16, 20, 36, 44, 50, 52, 58, 903, 906, 909, or 915 to get to the station direct.
Urumqi West Railway Station (乌鲁木齐西站) operates trains to southern Xijiang area and other domestic cities. You can take bus 18 to get there.
For transportation between these two railway stations: You can take a train from the south one to the west one (2 yuan for a ticket). You can take bus 909 or take a taxi (costing about 45 yuan).
The road network in Xinjiang is centered on Urumqi. You can take a coach from Urumqi to other regions in Xinjiang. There are several coach stations in Urumqi, and China Highlights has listed them out below.
The city bus transport in Urumqi is very convenient. The price is 1 yuan, but after 22:00, the price is 1.5 yuan.
For taking a taxi in Urumqi: 6 yuan is charged for the first 3 kilometers, and 1.6 yuan for each subsequent kilometer (1.8 for each subsequent km at night). At night, a male passenger should not sit at the front passenger seat, according to the taxi management regulations in Urumqi. Remember to ask the driver turn on the meter when you are taking a taxi. Taking a taxi in Urumqi urban area will not cost over 80 yuan.