The quartzite rock towers and bluffs have inspired generations of painters. One of the rock pillars is an amazing 1,080 meters (3,544 feet) tall.
1369 Dayong was founded in the Ming Dynasty.
1982 Zhangjiajie National Forest Park became the China's first national forest park.
1992 Wulingyuan was officially recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
1994 The city's name was changed from Dayong to Zhangjiajie.
2004 Zhangjiajie Geopark was listed as a UNESCO Global Geopark.
Significance of the prefecture: The prefecture includes scenic wonders, caves, and large natural parks. In 2010, 24 million tourists visited the prefecture. The prefecture is also significant for coal mining, manufacturing, and agriculture.
City topography: The main urban area is in a long and narrow east-west running river valley surrounded by mountains.
City elevation: 183 m (600 ft)
Main rivers: Lishui River
Prefecture location: central southern China
Prefecture population: 1,700,000
Prefecture area: 9,807 sq km (3,786 sq mi)
Prefecture population density: 173/sq km (500/sq mi)
North to south width of main urban area: 4.2 km (2.6 mi)
East to west length of main urban area: 11.8 km (7.3 mi)
City Center: People's Square (29.12N, 110.48E)
Annual average low temperature in January: 1 °C (34 °F)
Annual average high temperature in July: 33 °C (91 °F)
Annual precipitation: 1,400 mm (55 in)
Climate: humid temperate monsoon climate, varying with altitude, with four disticnt seasons
Average annual income: 14,263 RMB (2,008 USD)
Development: developing, the small city has been designated as a tourist resort city, and it is rapidly developing. There are coal mines, and industrial output is said to have grown 23% in 2010.
Industry: 62.3% tertiary industry (tourist industry, services), 24.8% secondary (heavy and light industry), 12.9% primary (coal, agriculture)
Shopping streets: Renmin Square Commercial Walking Street, Tianzi Commercial Street