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Hong kong Facts

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Name: Hong Kong (香港; heūng góng)
Meaning: "Fragrant Harbor"

Features

  • A world financial and business center
  • Gateway to China
  • Asian international hub
  • One of the world's major tourist cities
  • Shopping Paradise

Main Attractions

Most Popular Souvenirs and Local Products

Silk, Antiques, Porcelain, Clothing, Gold, Electronics

History

Former small colonial territory became a world commerce and financial hub.

  • 214 BC: The Qin Empire conquered the area.
  • 1276: The last Song Dynasty emperor fled to the Kowloon area during the Mongol invasion.
  • 1839: The British Empire conquered Hong Kong Island.
  • 1898: The British Empire leased Lantau Island and the New Territories area for 99 years.
  • 1941: The Japanese Empire conquered Hong Kong.
  • 1997: Hong Kong was returned to China and became a Special Administrative Region of China.

Geography

  • Significance of city:World's third most important financial center, world's third busiest port, freest capitalist economy, one of the world's top ten tourist cities, world's most vertical city
  • Nearby cities: Shenzhen (0 km/0 mi), Macau (65 km/40 mi), Guangzhou (134 km/84 mi), Dongguan (84 km/45 mi)
  • Municipality terrain: Hong Kong Island, Lantau Island, and South China sea; mainly hilly and mountainous terrain on the peninsula and two big islands and hundreds of islets
  • Average altitude: 89 m (292 feet)

Location Information

  • Municipality location: 22.15N to 22.55N, 113.83E to 114.39E, South China.
  • Municipality population: 7,061,000 (2010)
  • Special Administrative Region area: 1,104 sq km (426 sq mi)
  • Population density:6,396/sq km (16,575/sq mi)
  • North to south distance of territory: 45 km (28 mi)
  • East to west distance of territory: 50 km (31 mi)
  • City center: 22.31N, 114.17E, at King's Park in Kowloon

Climate

  • Highest recorded temperature:36.1 °C (99 °F)
  • Lowest recorded temperature: 0 °C (32 °F)
  • Humid subtropical, annual precipitation: 2,383 mm (93.9 in)
  • Known for generally jot summers, mild winters, and occasional tropical storms or typhoons in the summer and fall.

Economy

  • Average annual income: (2010) 369,168 HKD (47,390 USD)
  • Development: It is among the world's wealthiest economies and is ranked in the top ten of the world's cities in many economic aspects; in 2011 it was ranked the most competitive economy in the world.
  • Industry: 90.9% tertiary industry (finance, trade, services), 9% secondary (industry), 0.1% primary (agriculture)
  • CBD: Central District (22.28N, 114.15E)
  • Shopping Streets: Ladies Market in Mong Kok, Temple Street in Yau Ma Tei, Jardine's Crescent in Causeway Bay

Transportation

  • Hong Kong International Airport served 50,000,000 passengers in 2010. It handles the most cargo in the world; and it was named the World's Best Airport at the 2011 World Airport Awards
  • 10 line MTR system links most of the populated areas
  • Light Rail system
  • Tramways system on Hong Kong Island
  • Chartering a Boat in Hong Kong