Shenzhen Facts

Name: Shenzhen (深圳; Shēnzhèn /shen-zhen/)
Meaning: 'deep drainage' or 'deep furrows'


  • A city that sprung up overnight
  • It was China's first Special Economic Zone
  • Now one of China's leading trade, finance, and R&D cities
  • Part of a huge manufacturing and export metropolis
  • Big amusement parks

Main Attractions


The city started as farming and fishing village in the 1980s and turned into one of China's largest cities and one of the richest city in less than three decades. Much of the development was the result of foreign investment and manufacturing.

  • 1521 A Ming fleet based in docks at present-day Nanshan defeated the Portuguese fleet.
  • 1980 The area of fishing and farming villages near the Hong Kong border was designated as a Special Economic Zone.
  • 2011 The Shenzhen Universiade Games were held.


  • Significance of the city: It is an economically pioneering city and the 'vestibule' to Hong Kong's 'Doorway to China'. It may be China's wealthiest city; and it is one of the trading centers of the Pearl River Delta metropolis.
  • Nearby cities: Hong Kong (0 km/0 mi), Zhuhai (55 km/34 mi), Guangzhou (104 km/64 mi), Dongguan (60 km/37 mi)
  • Elevation: 12 m (40 ft)
  • Municipality terrain: coastal area along the South China Sea, Pearl River delta, and low hills

Location Information

  • Municipality location: southern China
  • Municipality population: (2010) 10,300,000
  • Municipality area: 2,050 sq km (791.5 sq mi)
  • Municipality population density: 5,052/sq km (13,086/sq mi)
  • Urban area: 412 sq km (159 sq mi)
  • Urban population: 3,500,000
  • Urban population density: 8,588/sq km (22,242/sq mi)
  • North to south distance of main urban area:6.3 km (4 mi)
  • East to west distance of main urban area: 26 km (16 mi)
  • City Center: Shenzhen Central Business District in Futian District (22.54N, 114.06E)


  • Annual average low temperature in January: 12 °C (53 °F)
  • Annual average high temperature in July: 32 °C (89 °F)
  • Humid subtropical climate; annual precipitation: 1,900 mm (75 in)

Monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate. Winters are dry and cool, but frost is rare. The proximity of the South China Sea makes the summers milder than in Guangzhou. There are some tropical storms or typhoons in the summers and autumns.


  • Average annual income: (2010) 95,000 RMB (14,615 USD)
  • Development: highly developed; the city is quickly growing both in terms of population and economic production.
  • Industry: 53.2% tertiary industry (services), 46.7% secondary (industry, construction), 0.1% primary (agriculture)
  • CBD: in Futian District (22.54N, 114.06E)
  • Shopping Streets: Dongmen Shopping Street, Huaqiangbei Street (for electronics products)


Questions and Answers About Shenzhen Facts

Johnson 2012-12-08
Show Answer
Planning to visit shenzhen 22 nd n 23 rd dec with family four members . Any possibility of hiring English speaking taxi driver for one day city tour. Wht will b the cost

Hi Johnson, I'm afraid most of taxi drivers in China won't be able to speak English. We are happy to arrange a one day private tour with English-speaking guide and private vehicle.  

Nora Ou replied on 2012-12-09
April Offer $25 Coupon
  1. Send your inquiry before Apr. 30, 2014, and we will email you a $25 coupon.
  2. The coupon is valid till Dec. 31, 2014, for paying tour packages worth $250 or up.
  3. The coupon cannot be used for paying flight tickets, train tickets, hotel rooms and day trips.
Travel Advice or Question? Ask us here
Do you want to book a tour/hotel/Wi-Fi. etc.
Your Name Your Email
Hi, I'm Lynn Ye
I updated this article on June 28, 2012
See all my travel articles
follow this pageChina Highlights