Xiangshan Park


Fragrant Hill is especially famous for the maple leaves. When autumn comes, the maple leaves blossom so that the mountain is on fire. The best time to enjoy the autumn colors is about the middle of October. Fragrant Hill Red Leaves Festival takes place in the middle of October each year.  The maple leaves usually keep blossoming for about one month. The area is a popular park all the year through for its imperial architecture, temples and memorials.


Fragrant Hill is a famous forest park and an imperial garden with a long history.


Xaingshan ParkThe maple leaves in the Fragrant Hill

Fragrant Hill is in the suburb of northeastern Beijing. It is about 20 kilometers from the central city. It was used during the the Jin Dynasty era, and it has more 800 years of history. Today, Fragrant Hill is described as a famous scenic spot that has a long history and a beautiful landscape. It occupies an area of more than 16,000 square meters. The highest mountain is called Censer Peak. It has an altitude of 557 meters. There are various hills, gullies and clean springs with good-tasting water. The special natural environment makes Fragrant Hill heavy with vegetation. There are thought to be more than 5,000 ancient trees. Highlights of the mountain include Censer Peak, the Hall of Diligent Government, the Temple of the Azure Clouds, the Memorial Hall of Sun Zhongshan, the Lake of Glasses, Fragrant Hill Temple, the Double Clean Villa, Yu Hua Villa, Zhao Temple, and the Fragrant Hill Cableway that gives you a wide birds-eye view of the park area. See China Highlights' tours to visit this park

Censer Peak

It is situated at the highest place of Fragrance Hill. It is so full of cliffs that people call it “the ghost scares.” On the top of the peak are three pavilions with distinctive features.

Hall of Diligent Government

Located at the eastern gate, the Hall of Diligent Government is considered to be about the best of the highlights of the area. It was once used as a hall for an emperor of the Qing Dynasty named Qian Long. He used it to deal with his government affairs and to receive officials. The name of the hall means being diligent in governmental affairs.

Temple of the Azure Clouds

It is a delicate ancient temple in the area. The site has more 600 years of history.

The Memorial Hall of Sun Zhongshan

On March 12th, 1925, Sun Yat-Sen who is called the “Father of Modern China” died in Beijing. In Mandarin, he is called Sun Zhongshan. He was the leader of the revolution. His coffin was set here before it was delivered to Nanjing. A grand public memorial ceremony was held. There was great mourning. Later, the site was called The Memorial Hall of Sun Zhongshan.

Lake of Glasses

This site was built during the Republican period before the Communist Revolution. Two pools form the lake that look like a pair of spectacles. At the northern part of the lake, there is a stone cave on the side of the mountain. Clean water from the Zhuo Xi area forms the curtain of water before the cave. There is a pavilion called the Wonderful Day Pavilion. On the northeast side of the lake, there are colored paintings.

Fragrant Hill Temple

This site once was a temporary dwelling place of an emperor of the Jin Dynasty. In front of the middle building, there are a stone screen, a stone monument, and stone stairs. The stone screen is of great value in itself. There is the Diamond Sutra, the Heart Sutra, and the Kwan-yin sutra. There are pictures of Buddha Dipamkara (the Buddha who is in charge of lights), the goddess Kwan-yin, and Samantabhadra who was one of the four Bodhisattvas in China on the back of the stone screen. The holy plant of the Buddhism is a kind of plant that has leaves like that of a palm tree and flowers that are like towers that blossom in May and June.

The Doubly Clean Villa

On the southeastern hillside is a special quiet yard in which are two clean springs that flow all the year long. There are also pavilions with eight corners and giant maidenhair trees beside the pools of the yard.

Yu Hua Villa

This is the perfect place for appreciating maple leaves in the fall. It is situated in the center of the park.

Zhao Temple

This is a large attractive building with the style of a Tibetan temple. It is 30 meters high with yellow azure stone bottles on the top and eight cornices. Among the cornices are 56 brass bells that make sounds. There are white stone handrails and chairs with eight corners. Below the handrail, there are eight spots under which there are eight Tagees with a Buddha statue carved on each of them.

Fragrant Hill Cableway

A way to see the area easily is to go up the mountain by cable car. There is a cable line that goes up from the northern gate to the top of the censer peak. It is divided into three stations.

Nearby Attractions

About two kilometers to the north and east, there are two other parks. The Beijing Botanical Gardens is to the east. The Beijing Botanical Gardens is a large botanical garden that specializes in plant research, breeding, and tourism. To the north is Cherry Valley. 


Location:West Mountain, Haidian District, Beijing.
Bus: No. 318, 331, 360, 696, and 698 go to Fragrant Hill. Bus No. 563 goes to the east gate of Fragrant Hill.

Important Information

Hours: April 1st to June 30th, 6:00 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. July 1st to August 31st, 6:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. September 1st to March 31st, 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

Questions and Answers About Xiangshan Park

John Wong 2012-10-22
Show Answer
how to reach Xiangshan Park from Jianguomen subway?
Dear Sir, You could take line 1 subway from Jianguomen subway station to Gucheng staton(古城站), then walk to Shijingshan ancient town bus station(石景山古城站)to take no. 318 bus. Get off at Xiangshan station(香山站) which is about 1 km from Xiangshan Park. It is about 35 km in total and it takes about 2 hours. If you take a taxi to the park directly, it costs about CNY110/US$18 per car. Lussie Lu replied on 2012-10-23
Habib 2012-10-05
Show Answer
How to reach Badachu from Fragrant Hill. Pls advise
Dear Sir or Madam, There is no direct bus to take. I suggest you take a taxi from Fragrant Hill to Badachu directly. It is about 10km, it takes about 40 minutes and the costs is around CNY40/US$6 per car. Lussie Lu replied on 2012-10-10
eridanus 2010-10-14
Show Answer
how to reach Xiangshan by public transport from Beijing city center ?
Hi. From this time till mid-November is the best time to Xiangshan, because it is during this time that leaves turn red there, very stunning. But it is expected to be very crowded, especially on weekends. You can take public bus 318, 331, 360, 634, 714, 696, 698 to get there. Mia Yang replied on 2010-10-15
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Hi, I'm Candice Song
I updated this article on November 6, 2013
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