1624 The Dutch land on Taiwan and set up a colony and defeated a small Spanish fort.
1662 A anti-Qing army under Koxinga conquered the island and drove out the Dutch.
1895 The Empire of Japan conquered the island. Japanese colonial capital and an industrial center.
1930s The Japanese implemented a program of industrialization and Japanese education. Taipei developed a high level of human skills and important infrastructure such as roads, railroads, and hydroelectric power resources.
1945 The Kuomingtang (Chinese Nationalists) government took over the country, and direct foreign investment, privatization and government supported pioneering research in electronics and information technology has transformed Taipei to one of the world’s leading IC manufacturing and high-tech research centers.
1948–1950 Millions of mainland Chinese fled to the territory.
1991 Taiwan held its first election for the legislature.
1996 The first presidential election was held, and Taiwan became a democracy.
Significance of the city: It is the capital of Taiwan. It is an economically pioneering city, an East Asian transportation hub, and now leads the world in some sectors of electronics manufacturing and information technology.