Hebei Province is located in North China, with the capital city is Shijiazhuang and the short name is Ji (冀). It borders Shandong Province and Henan Province to the south, Shanxi Province to the west, Inner Mongoliato the north, andLiaoning Province to the northeast. Lying in the vital part of North China and the periphery of Beijing and Tianjin, Hebei Province has served as an important strategic point to the capital city and its environs since ancient times. To some extent, Hebei is overshadowed by its two neighbors: Beijing and Tianjin.
HebeiProvince got its short name Ji (冀) because some part of Hebei belonged to Ji State when Chinese was divided into nine states. Hebei has a long history, about 2 million years ago, there were human beings living on this land. The famous Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian shows the life situation of Chinese ape-man about 500,000 years ago. The legendary Yellow Emperor and Yan Emperor also left their trace in the province.
In Qing Dynasty, Hebei is a place for the imperial household’s outing. Located in the northeast Hebei Province, Chengde City is one of the famous historical and cultural cities in China. Chengde Summer Palace, the largest surviving royal garden in China, contains emperors’ residential buildings, royal gardens and some magnificent temples. Puning Temple, the biggest place for Tibetan Buddhist activities in North China, is located in the north of Chengde Summer Palace. The temple is most famous for the biggest wooden figure of Buddha in the world which has been listed into Guinness World Records.
Besides plenty of historical relics, there are also many beautiful natural scenery. Such as: the natural coastal scene ofBeidaihe Scenic Area and Nandaihe Scenic Area in Qinhuangdao City will show visitors picturesque scenery and give visitors a great summer vacation; Yesanpo National Park in Baoding gives visitors the opportunity to enjoy the nature with its mountains, rivers, springs, natural caves and forest.