Jilin Province is situated in the central part of Northeast China; and the capital city is Changchun. It borders Heilongjiang Province to the north, Liaoning Province to the south, Inner Mongolia to the west, and Russia to the east. North Korea and Jilin Province are separated by only the Yalu River.
The terrain of Jilin Province is very complex. The province is densely covered by chains of mountains, numerous rivers and lakes and wide plains, which gives the province plenty of beautiful natural scenery, such as the towering Changbai Mountains famous for the hot springs, waterfalls and Heavenly Lake on the mountains. The lengthy snowy period (lasts from December to April in next year) in Jilin makes the province a good place to ski and view the magnificent scenery of rime.
Jilin Province is abundant in tourist resources, including various natural scenery and unique cultural landscapes.
Situated in east Jilin Province, the Changbai Mountains Natural Reserves is a piece of marvelous land for its towering main peaks covering with the white accumulated snow, the glassy Heavenly Lake, the growling waterfall, the hot spring groups in different sizes and shapes and the grand canyon. The clean and pure scenery of rime in winter of Jilin, along with the landscape in Guilin, the Stone Forest in Yunan and the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River are hailed as top four natural wonders in China. The rime is a natural phenomena turning up in the bank of the Songhua River during severe winter, that, the willow branches and pine needles along the river are all hanging with pure white rimes in shapes of silk threads, chrysanthemums and corals. The wonder often appears in the early morning of the period from December to February in next year.
There are also numerous historical sites. Because once upon a time, it was the base of Manchus, before which conquered the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) and founded the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). Puppet Emperor’s Palace, the residence of Puyi, who is the last emperor in the Qing Dynasty, witnessed t he history that Japanese Imperialism took the northeast of China by force and carried out fascist colonial rule. Banruo Temple, the largest Buddhist Temple in Changchun, is a place to enjoy the wing-buildings in ancient style and experience the religion of Buddhism. The Koguryo Historical Site in Tonghua City has been included on the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site List, containing the archaeological remains of three cities and forty identified tombs of Koguryo imperial and noble families.
Jilin Province is also the birthplace of some ethnic groups, such as Manchu, Mongol and Xibe. Due to geographical position that Jilin Province borders North Korea to the southeast, there are several localities for Koreans. Visitors can experience the unique Korean custom in Ji’an, a county in Tonghua City.