Hubei Province is situated in South-central China and the middle section of the Yangtze River. The province is located to the north of the Dongting Lake, hence its name Hubei which means ‘the north of a lake’. Hubei Province borders six provinces with Henan to the north, Anhui to the east, Jiangxi and Hunan to the south and Shanxi to the northwest. The capital city of Hubei Province is Wuhan.
The geography of Hubei features three main geomorphic types, including mountainous region, upland and plain. Hubei is surrounded by mountains in three sides: the west, the north and the east. Shennongjia peak, which is said to ‘the ridge of Central China’ and ‘green treasure house’, is situated in the west of Hubei Province. The Shennongjia Forest Zone in western Hubei is famous for its marvelous natural scenery, endangered animals, rare plants, numerous legends, albino animals and mysterious ‘wild man’ (Chinese yeti) which said to be discovered in the deep forest.
In a word, Hubei Province has relatively developed economy and is rich in tourist resources including beautiful natural landscapes and abundant culture landscapes.
Hubei Province enjoys a long history. According to the unearthed fossils of ancient people, there are human beings hundreds of thousands of years ago. The earliest ancestor, Yan Emperor was born in the province. Hubei Provincial Museum is a very fantastic place to visit and to learn about Chinese history with artifacts from all over Hubei Province and numerous historical even items including a 2,000-year-old coffin.
Due to the long history, Hubei Province has plenty of cultural tourist researches. Such as: the Yellow Crane Tower in Wuhan, which was first built in 223 during the Three Kingdoms (221–263) showing unique architectural style of China, and the Yellow Crane Tower is one of the most famous buildings in regions south of the Yangtze River (the other two are Yueyang Tower in Hunan and Pavilion of Prince Teng in Jiangxi; Guiyuan Temple, which is famous in the Buddhist world owning to perfect construction, spiffy sculpture and abundant collection; and Qu Yuan Ancestral Hall, which features green tiles and upturned eaves.
Wudang Mountain is one of the famous four Taoism Mountains in China (the other three is the Dragon and Tiger Mountain in Jiangxi Province, Qiyun Mountain in Anhui Province, and Qingcheng Mountain in Sichuan Province). The Wudang Mountain is renowned for its magnificent architectures featuring imperial architectural design laid out to match the surrounding landforms and the special sight of peaks decorated by winding murmuring brooks and exuberant green trees. Meanwhile, the natural scenery in Hubei Province also enjoy a great fame. Three Gorges which contains Xiling Gorge, Wu Gorge and Qutang Gorge, three sections of the Yangtze River, is famous for its winding waterway, the spectacular landscape of Qutang Gorge, the graceful scenery with forest and mountains wreathed by clouds and mists in Wu Gorge, and the fantastic rock peak along the Xiling Gorge. The Three Gorges Dam, one of the largest dams in the world, is a part of Three Gorges Dam Scenic Area combining modern project, nature scenery and cultural landscapes.
Situated in South-central China, Hubei Province features a subtropical monsoon climate. The average temperature for a year is about 15 °C (59 °F). The Province has distinct four seasons with burning hot summer (June, July and August) and chilly winter (December, January and February).
Wuhan, the capital city in Hubei Province, is known as one of the 'four stoves' in China because the torrid climate in summer (there are more than 20 days with the temperature above 35 °C or 95 °F. The other three are Chongqing, Nanchang in Jiangxi Province and Nanjing in Jiangsu Province.
The best time to visit Hubei Province is in spring (March, April and May) and autumn (September, October and November). If you intend to visit the province in April, Rhododendrons imsil in Macheng City will be a nice place to enjoy the sea of azalea flowers.
Located in South-central China, Hubei Province is very convenient in transportation since ancient times. Inland water transport takes an important role inside Hubei Province. With the Yangtze River and Han River, the network of water transport covers more than half parts of the province. As the great improvement on the network of highway, travelers intend to Hubei can enjoy the convenience no matter by air, by railway, by highway and by waterway.
There are totally six airports in Hubei Province, which are in Wuhan, Jingzhou, Yichang, Xiangfan, and Laohekou. The Tianhe International Airport in Wuhan city is the largest airport in Central China, and has opened several international airlines besides domestic airlines which cover most large and middle cities in China, including Beijing, Tianjin, Qinhuangdao, Shenzhen, Haikou, Guilin, Hong Kong, etc. The international airlines link Hubei to Fukuota in Japanese, Seoul and Cheju in South Korea, Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam and Phuket in Thailand.
There are totally six railway lines run through Hubei Province, and the busiest one is Jing-Guang line from Beijing to Guangzhou. Through these railway lines, travelers can catch trains in Wuhan (the capital city of Hubei Province) to get to every where in the province. Besides, through trains to Beijing, Zhengzhou, Tianjin, Luoyang, Chongqing, Xi’an, Kunming, Guiyang, Changsha, Guangzhou, Liuzhou, Nanchang and Shijiazhuang are available in Wuhan.
The network of highway in Hubei Province is relatively integrated, compared with some other provinces in China. The highways in the province have stretched to mountainous areas centering the cities in Hubei, and they also play a significant role in linking the railway transport and water transport. Read detailed traffic information in Wuhan, Yichang, Shiyan and Jingzhou.
The section of the Yangtze River running through Hubei Province is more than 1,000 kilometers (621 miles) long, which bring an advanced waterway transport in the province. Passenger liners are available during the les from Yichang to Chongqing, while other legs are mainly offer transportation services.