Most popular food: Taiwanese beef noodles (niúròu miàn), aiyu (àiyù) jelly, Taiwanese oranges (lidīng), Taiwanese porridge (zhōu)
1624-1662 The Dutch Empire subjugated the aboriginal territory.
1862 Koxinga and his army from the mainland defeated the Dutch and took over the territory.
1895 The Qing Empire seceded Taiwan to Japan.
1945 The Nationalist ROC party took over the government.
1948-1950 Millions of mainland Chinese fled to the territory.
1991 Taiwan held its first election for the legislature.
1996 The first presidential election was held, and Taiwan became a democracy.
Capital city: Taipei
Tourism: spectacular scenery and hiking, shopping for high-end electronics, Chinese and Taiwanese culture, museums for ancient artifacts from the mainland.
Significance: Taiwan has an advanced service and industrial economy and is the first Chinese democratic land. Taiwanese companies lead in some sectors of electronics manufacturing.
Adjacent provinces and territories: the island is across from Fujian Province and adjacent to Japan.
Formosa: Taiwan's main island is Formosa, 394 kilometers long and 144 kilometers wide
Terrain: The island has a high mountain chain with flat coastal strips to the east and west of it.
Highest Elevation: Yushan Mountain, 3,952 m (12,996 ft)
Province location: in the East China Sea
Population: (2011) 23,000,000
Area: 36,008 sq km (13,902.8 sq mi)
Population density: 668/sq km (1,730/sq mi)
Average annual low temperature in January: 12.8 °C (55 °F)
Average annual high temperature in August: 30 °C(86 °F)
Marine tropical climate with monsoons; annual precipitation: 2,500 mm (98 in) Most of the island has a warm, wet and comfortable climate, and there are occasional typhoons. Some of the mountains have an alpine climate.
Average annual income: 556,740 Taiwan dollars (18,558 USD)
Development: highly advanced economy. Taiwan has the world's fifth largest foreign reserves, is considered to be the 20th richest state, and is an electronics and optronics technology leader.