Tourism: spectacular scenery and hiking, shopping for high-end electronics, Chinese and Taiwanese culture, museums for ancient artifacts from the mainland.
Significance: Taiwan has an advanced service and industrial economy and is the first Chinese democratic land. Taiwanese companies lead in some sectors of electronics manufacturing.
Adjacent provinces and territories: the island is across from Fujian Province and adjacent to Japan.
Formosa: Taiwan's main island is Formosa, 394 kilometers long and 144 kilometers wide
Terrain: The island has a high mountain chain with flat coastal strips to the east and west of it.
Highest Elevation: Yushan Mountain, 3,952 m (12,996 ft)
Province location: in the East China Sea
Population: (2011) 23,000,000
Area: 36,008 sq km (13,902.8 sq mi)
Population density: 668/sq km (1,730/sq mi)
Average annual low temperature in January: 12.8 °C (55 °F)
Average annual high temperature in August: 30 °C(86 °F)
Marine tropical climate with monsoons; annual precipitation: 2,500 mm (98 in) Most of the island has a warm, wet and comfortable climate, and there are occasional typhoons. Some of the mountains have an alpine climate.
Average annual income: 556,740 Taiwan dollars (18,558 USD)
Development: highly advanced economy. Taiwan has the world's fifth largest foreign reserves, is considered to be the 20th richest state, and is an electronics and optronics technology leader.