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The Yungang Grottoes near Datong extend about 1 km (0.6 miles) long with 45 major caves, 209 secondary caves, and a total carving area of more than 1.8 ha (4.4 acres).
There are about 1,100 niches, as well as 51,000 statues: the biggest is 17 meters tall, and the smallest just 2 cm. The Yungang Grottoes contain classical masterpieces of Chinese Buddhist art of the 5th and 6th centuries.
The whole grotto complex is magnificent with delicate carvings. All the statues are precious and vivid, representing the development of art, architecture, music and religion up to 1,500 years ago.
In 2001, The Yungang Grottoes were enrolled as World Heritage by UNESCO.
There are many amazing caves in the Yungang Grottoes.
Caves 5 and 6 in the middle part of the Yungang Grottoes are the most impressive.Inside the 5th cave is a 17-meter-tall Buddhist statue, the largest in the Yungang Grottoes. Inside the 6th cave, besides large Buddhist statues, there are precious sculptures telling the story of Sakyamuni.
The sculptures inside the caves are all magnificent and multi-colored with excellent workmanship.
For example, the 14-meter-high seated Sakyamuni statue outside grotto 20 commands respect, not only for its size, but also for the face of the figure, which is characterized by soft lines and a pair of eyes that radiate intellectual and spiritual vigor.
There have been two free daily performances on the square outside the grottoes from September to October since 2012. But whether they will be performed this year is not confirmed.
If you are lucky enough, you can have a feast of these two performances focusing on the folk and the Buddhist culture of the Northern Wei Dynasty(386–533).
This performance shows Chinese folk performing arts, such as aerobatics, ethnic dances, and tea art. Actors get together on Tan Yao Square to sing the praises of Tan Yao, an eminent monk who originally excavated the grottoes.
This is a large-scale parade performance, looking back to scenes of royal family members worshipping Buddha in the Northern Wei Dynasty. The actors dress up as the emperor, queen, ministers, maids, and other characters of imperial China.
The Yungang Grottoes were first carved out of the sandstone cliffs of Wuzhou Mountain in 460 AD, during the Northern Wei Dynasty (386–533). The main construction spanned for about 60 ears, and it was mostly complete in 524.
The emergence of the art of the Yungang Grottoes (and the same applies even more emphatically to the Mogao Grottoes) is intimately linked to the Silk Road that connected China to the outside world from the 1st century BC to the 16th century AD.
Datong, a city between Beijing and Xi’an, played an important role in imperial China. See our customizable 4-Day Essence of Datong and Pingyao Tour itinerary for ways to get more out of your time there.
For a tailor-made Datong/China tour, please do not hesitate to tell us your interests and requirements.