China is one of the Four Ancient Civilizations (alongside Babylon, India and Egypt), according to Chinese scholar Liang Qichao (1900). It boasts a vast and varied geographic expanse, 3,600 years of written history, as well as a rich and profound culture. Chinese culture is diverse and unique, yet harmoniously blended — an invaluable asset to the world.
Our China culture guide contains information divided into Traditions, Heritage, Arts, Festivals, Language, and Symbols. Topics include Chinese food, World Heritage sites, China's Spring Festival, Kungfu, and Beijing opera.
China's national heritage is both tangible and intangible, with natural wonders and historic sites, as well as ethnic songs and festivals included.
As of 2018, 53 noteworthy Chinese sites were inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List: 36 Cultural Heritage, 13 Natural Heritage, and 4 Cultural and Natural Heritage.
China's Performing Arts
Arts and Crafts
China has several traditional festivals that are celebrated all over the country (in different ways). The most important is Chinese New Year, then Mid-Autumn Festival. China, with its "55 Ethnic Minorities", also has many ethnic festivals. From Tibet to Manchuria to China's tropical south, different tribes celebrate their new year, harvest, and other things, in various ways.
Chinese is reckoned to be the most difficult language in the world to learn, but that also must make it the most interesting. It's the world's only remaining pictographic language in common use, with thousands of characters making up the written language. It's pronunciation is generally one syllable per character, in one of five tones. China's rich literary culture includes many pithy sayings and beautiful poems.
Symbols of China
Every nation has its symbols, but what should you think of when it comes to China? You might conjure up images of long coiling dragons, the red flag, pandas, the Great Wall… table tennis, the list goes on…
Top Recommended Chinese Culture Tours
- Take in-depth Forbidden City journey with our expert in history and architecture
- Try moderate hiking on the World Heritage—the Great Wall
- Visit the World 8th miracle—the Terracotta Warriors
- Discover the minority life at Longji terrace field
- Admire the World Heritage-- the Great Wall, the Forbidden City.
- Taste famous Chinese food—Peking Roast Duck.
- Get closer to the China's first Emperor by visiting the Terracotta Warriors.
- Enjoy stroll in a ancient Chinese traditional garden.
- Find the hidden halls in the Forbidden City.
- Explore a less visited section of the Great Wall.
- Meet the Terracotta Army and make a mini warrior with a local family.
- Visit the only place in the world where you can feed a giant panda.